Where does the information come from? Information source use patterns in Wikipedia

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Where does the information come from? Information source use patterns in Wikipedia
Authors: Isto Huvila [edit item]
Citation: Information Research 15 (3): 24. 2010 June.
Publication type: Journal article
Peer-reviewed: Yes
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DOI: Define doi.
Google Scholar cites: Citations
Link(s): Paper link
Added by Wikilit team: Added on initial load
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Where does the information come from? Information source use patterns in Wikipedia is a publication by Isto Huvila.


[edit] Abstract

Introduction. Little is known about Wikipedia contributors' information behaviour and from where and how the information in the encyclopaedia originated. Even though a large number of texts in Wikipedia cite external sources according to the intentions of the verifiability policy, many articles lack references and in many others the references have been added afterwards. Method. This article reports the results of a Web survey of information source use patterns, answered by 108 Wikipedia contributors in spring 2008. Analysis. The qualitative questions were analysed using a close reading and grounded theory approach. The multiple-choice questions were analysed using descriptive statistics and bi-variate correlation analysis. Results. The results indicate that there are several distinct groups of contributors using different information sources. The results also indicate a preference for sources available online. However, in spite of the popularity of online material a significant proportion of the original information is based on printed literature, personal expertise and other non-digital sources of information. The information source use of Wikipedia contributors is also illustrative of the complexity and life-world scope of human information behaviour. Conclusions. Understanding the information source use of contributors helps us to understand how new Wikipedia articles emerge, how edits are motivated, where the information actually comes from and more generally, what kind of information may be expected to be found in Wikipedia.

[edit] Research questions

"Little is known about Wikipedia contributors’ information behaviour and from where and how the information in the encyclopaedia originated. Even though a large number of texts in Wikipedia cite external sources according to the intentions of the verifiability policy, many articles lack references and in many others the references have been added afterwards."

Research details

Topics: Reliability, Contributor perceptions of credibility [edit item]
Domains: Information systems [edit item]
Theory type: Analysis [edit item]
Wikipedia coverage: Main topic [edit item]
Theories: "Undetermined" [edit item]
Research design: Statistical analysis [edit item]
Data source: Survey responses [edit item]
Collected data time dimension: Cross-sectional [edit item]
Unit of analysis: User [edit item]
Wikipedia data extraction: N/A [edit item]
Wikipedia page type: N/A [edit item]
Wikipedia language: N/A [edit item]

[edit] Conclusion

"The results indicate that there are several distinct groups of contributors using different information sources. The results also indicate a preference for sources available online. However, in spite of the popularity of online material a significant proportion of the original information is based on printed literature, personal expertise and other non-digital sources of information. The information source use of Wikipedia contributors is also illustrative of the complexity and life-world scope of human information behaviour."

[edit] Comments


Further notes[edit]

Facts about "Where does the information come from? Information source use patterns in Wikipedia"RDF feed
AbstractIntroduction. Little is known about WikipeIntroduction. Little is known about Wikipedia contributors' information behaviour and from where and how the information in the encyclopaedia originated. Even though a large number of texts in Wikipedia cite external sources according to the intentions of the verifiability policy, many articles lack references and in many others the references have been added afterwards. Method. This article reports the results of a Web survey of information source use patterns, answered by 108 Wikipedia contributors in spring 2008. Analysis. The qualitative questions were analysed using a close reading and grounded theory approach. The multiple-choice questions were analysed using descriptive statistics and bi-variate correlation analysis. Results. The results indicate that there are several distinct groups of contributors using different information sources. The results also indicate a preference for sources available online. However, in spite of the popularity of online material a significant proportion of the original information is based on printed literature, personal expertise and other non-digital sources of information. The information source use of Wikipedia contributors is also illustrative of the complexity and life-world scope of human information behaviour. Conclusions. Understanding the information source use of contributors helps us to understand how new Wikipedia articles emerge, how edits are motivated, where the information actually comes from and more generally, what kind of information may be expected to be found in Wikipedia. may be expected to be found in Wikipedia.
Added by wikilit teamAdded on initial load +
Collected data time dimensionCross-sectional +
ConclusionThe results indicate that there are severaThe results indicate that there are several distinct groups of contributors using different information sources. The results also indicate a preference for sources available online. However, in spite of the popularity of online material a significant proportion of the original information is based on printed literature, personal expertise and other non-digital sources of information. The information source use of Wikipedia contributors is also illustrative of the complexity and life-world scope of human information behaviour.orld scope of human information behaviour.
Data sourceSurvey responses +
Google scholar urlhttp://scholar.google.com/scholar?ie=UTF-8&q=%22Where%2Bdoes%2Bthe%2Binformation%2Bcome%2Bfrom%3F%2BInformation%2Bsource%2Buse%2Bpatterns%2Bin%2BWikipedia%22 +
Has authorIsto Huvila +
Has domainInformation systems +
Has topicReliability + and Contributor perceptions of credibility +
Issue3 +
MonthJune +
Pages24 +
Peer reviewedYes +
Publication typeJournal article +
Published inInformation Research +
Research designStatistical analysis +
Research questionsLittle is known about Wikipedia contributoLittle is known about Wikipedia contributors’ information behaviour and from where and how the information in the encyclopaedia originated. Even though a large number of texts in Wikipedia cite external sources according to the intentions of the verifiability policy, many articles lack references and in many others the references have been added afterwards.the references have been added afterwards.
Revid11,054 +
TheoriesUndetermined
Theory typeAnalysis +
TitleWhere does the information come from? Information source use patterns in Wikipedia
Unit of analysisUser +
Urlhttp://informationr.net/ir/15-3/paper433.html +
Volume15 +
Wikipedia coverageMain topic +
Wikipedia data extractionN/A +
Wikipedia languageN/A +
Wikipedia page typeN/A +
Year2010 +