The framing of political NGOs in Wikipedia through criticism elimination

From WikiLit
Jump to: navigation, search
Publication (help)
The framing of political NGOs in Wikipedia through criticism elimination
Authors: Andre Oboler, Gerald Steinberg, Rephael Stern [edit item]
Citation: Journal of Information Technology & Politics 7 (4): 284-299. 2010.
Publication type: Journal article
Peer-reviewed: Yes
Database(s):
DOI: 10.1080/19331680903577822.
Google Scholar cites: Citations
Link(s): Paper link
Added by Wikilit team: Added on initial load
Search
Article: Google Scholar BASE PubMed
Other scholarly wikis: AcaWiki Brede Wiki WikiPapers
Web search: Bing Google Yahoo!Google PDF
Other:
Services
Format: BibTeX
The framing of political NGOs in Wikipedia through criticism elimination is a publication by Andre Oboler, Gerald Steinberg, Rephael Stern.


[edit] Abstract

This article introduces criticism elimination, a type of information removal leading to a framing effect that impairs Wikipedia's delivery of a neutral point of view {(NPOV)} and ultimately facilitates a new form of gatekeeping with political science and information technology implications. This article demonstrates a systematic use of criticism elimination and categorizes the editors responsible into four types. We show that some types use criticism elimination to dominate and manipulate articles to advocate political and ideological agendas. We suggest mitigation approaches to criticism elimination. The research is interdisciplinary and based on empirical analysis of the public edit histories.

[edit] Research questions

"This article demonstrates a systematic use of criticism elimination and categorizes the editors responsible into four types. We show that some types use criticism elimination to dominate and manipulate articles to advocate political and ideological agendas."

Research details

Topics: Deliberative collaboration, Policies and governance [edit item]
Domains: Computer science, Information systems, Political science [edit item]
Theory type: Analysis [edit item]
Wikipedia coverage: Main topic [edit item]
Theories: "Social responsibility theory (Peterson, 1956) saw the public as passive and easily manipulated and the media as “information gatekeepers who represented the public's interest” (Williams & Delli Carpini, 2004, p. 63)" [edit item]
Research design: Content analysis [edit item]
Data source: Wikipedia pages [edit item]
Collected data time dimension: Cross-sectional [edit item]
Unit of analysis: Edit [edit item]
Wikipedia data extraction: Live Wikipedia [edit item]
Wikipedia page type: User, History [edit item]
Wikipedia language: English [edit item]

[edit] Conclusion

"some types use criticism elimination to dominate and manipulate articles to advocate political and ideological agendas. We suggest mitigation approaches to criticism elimination. The research is interdisciplinary and based on empirical analysis of the public edit histories. This research presents criticism elimination, a type of information removal that can introduce framing in community-created content. The examination of 627 edits spread over 16 Wikipedia articles demonstrates systematic removal of criticism published by reliable sources, despite policy. This leads to framing that runs counter to the NPOV policy and highlights a weakness, open to exploitation, in the current Wikipedia model.

We have shown that criticism elimination can have a gatekeeping effect that allows parts of Wikipedia to be dominated by those with an agenda. The presence of politically motivated framing and de facto gatekeepers runs counter to the Wikipedia model of knowledge generation. It has implications for both article quality and trust, particularly on contentious topics. Further research on gatekeeping in Wikipedia is needed.

We have classified, into four groups, the editors who use criticism elimination to achieve a framing effect. We have suggested prevention and harm minimization approaches appropriate to different classifications of editors using criticism elimination. Fine grain editing restrictions may prevent some problems, while new tools to increase the visibility of removed references could make it easier to spot and undo the rest."

[edit] Comments


Further notes[edit]

Facts about "The framing of political NGOs in Wikipedia through criticism elimination"RDF feed
AbstractThis article introduces criticism eliminatThis article introduces criticism elimination, a type of information removal leading to a framing effect that impairs Wikipedia's delivery of a neutral point of view {(NPOV)} and ultimately facilitates a new form of gatekeeping with political science and information technology implications. This article demonstrates a systematic use of criticism elimination and categorizes the editors responsible into four types. We show that some types use criticism elimination to dominate and manipulate articles to advocate political and ideological agendas. We suggest mitigation approaches to criticism elimination. The research is interdisciplinary and based on empirical analysis of the public edit histories.cal analysis of the public edit histories.
Added by wikilit teamAdded on initial load +
Collected data time dimensionCross-sectional +
Conclusionsome types use criticism elimination to dosome types use criticism elimination to dominate and manipulate articles to advocate political and ideological agendas. We suggest mitigation approaches to criticism elimination. The research is interdisciplinary and based on empirical analysis of the public edit histories.

This research presents criticism elimination, a type of information removal that can introduce framing in community-created content. The examination of 627 edits spread over 16 Wikipedia articles demonstrates systematic removal of criticism published by reliable sources, despite policy. This leads to framing that runs counter to the NPOV policy and highlights a weakness, open to exploitation, in the current Wikipedia model.

We have shown that criticism elimination can have a gatekeeping effect that allows parts of Wikipedia to be dominated by those with an agenda. The presence of politically motivated framing and de facto gatekeepers runs counter to the Wikipedia model of knowledge generation. It has implications for both article quality and trust, particularly on contentious topics. Further research on gatekeeping in Wikipedia is needed.

We have classified, into four groups, the editors who use criticism elimination to achieve a framing effect. We have suggested prevention and harm minimization approaches appropriate to different classifications of editors using criticism elimination. Fine grain editing restrictions may prevent some problems, while new tools to increase the visibility of removed references could make it easier to spot and undo the rest.
make it easier to spot and undo the rest.
Data sourceWikipedia pages +
Doi10.1080/19331680903577822 +
Google scholar urlhttp://scholar.google.com/scholar?ie=UTF-8&q=%22The%2Bframing%2Bof%2Bpolitical%2BNGOs%2Bin%2BWikipedia%2Bthrough%2Bcriticism%2Belimination%22 +
Has authorAndre Oboler +, Gerald Steinberg + and Rephael Stern +
Has domainComputer science +, Information systems + and Political science +
Has topicDeliberative collaboration + and Policies and governance +
Issue4 +
Pages284-299 +
Peer reviewedYes +
Publication typeJournal article +
Published inJournal of Information Technology & Politics +
Research designContent analysis +
Research questionsThis article demonstrates a systematic useThis article demonstrates a systematic use of criticism elimination and categorizes the editors responsible into four types. We show that some types use criticism elimination to dominate and manipulate articles to advocate political and ideological agendas.dvocate political and ideological agendas.
Revid10,976 +
TheoriesSocial responsibility theory (Peterson, 1956) saw the public as passive and easily manipulated and the media as “information gatekeepers who represented the public's interest” (Williams & Delli Carpini, 2004, p. 63)
Theory typeAnalysis +
TitleThe framing of political NGOs in Wikipedia through criticism elimination
Unit of analysisEdit +
Urlhttp://www.informaworld.com/10.1080/19331680903577822 +
Volume7 +
Wikipedia coverageMain topic +
Wikipedia data extractionLive Wikipedia +
Wikipedia languageEnglish +
Wikipedia page typeUser + and History +
Year2010 +