The epistemic cultures of science and Wikipedia: a comparison

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The epistemic cultures of science and Wikipedia: a comparison
Authors: K. Brad Wray [edit item]
Citation: Episteme - Edinburgh 6 (1): . 2009.
Publication type: Journal article
Peer-reviewed: Yes
Database(s):
DOI: 10.3366/E1742360008000531.
Google Scholar cites: Citations
Link(s): Paper link
Added by Wikilit team: Added on initial load
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The epistemic cultures of science and Wikipedia: a comparison is a publication by K. Brad Wray.


[edit] Abstract

I compare the epistemic culture of Wikipedia with the epistemic culture of science, with special attention to the culture of collaborative research in science. The two cultures differ markedly with respect to (1) the knowledge produced, (2) who produces the knowledge, and (3) the processes by which knowledge is produced. Wikipedia has created a community of inquirers that are governed by norms very different from those that govern scientists. Those who contribute to Wikipedia do not ground their claims on their reputations as knowers, for they stand to lose nothing if and when their contributions are found to be misleading or false. And the immediacy of the medium encourages gossip and jokes. Hence, though we have some reason to believe that an invisible hand aids scientists in realizing their epistemic goals, we cannot ground our confidence in what is reported on Wikipedia on the fact that an invisible hand ensures quality. Nor is the information on Wikipedia aptly justified in a manner similar to the way testimony can be justified.

[edit] Research questions

"This paper compares the epistemic culture of Wikipedia with the epistemic culture of collaborative research in science."

Research details

Topics: Epistemology [edit item]
Domains: Philosophy and ethics [edit item]
Theory type: Analysis [edit item]
Wikipedia coverage: Main topic [edit item]
Theories: "Undetermined" [edit item]
Research design: Conceptual [edit item]
Data source: N/A [edit item]
Collected data time dimension: N/A [edit item]
Unit of analysis: N/A [edit item]
Wikipedia data extraction: N/A [edit item]
Wikipedia page type: N/A [edit item]
Wikipedia language: N/A [edit item]

[edit] Conclusion

"Though my contribution to this issue has been critical of Wikipedia in its role in conveying knowledge, I think reflections on the epistemic merits of Wikipedia will prove to be useful."

[edit] Comments

""we cannot ground our confidence in what is reported on Wikipedia" p. 47"


Further notes[edit]

Facts about "The epistemic cultures of science and Wikipedia: a comparison"RDF feed
AbstractI compare the epistemic culture of WikipedI compare the epistemic culture of Wikipedia with the epistemic culture of science, with special attention to the culture of collaborative research in science. The two cultures differ markedly with respect to (1) the knowledge produced, (2) who produces the knowledge, and (3) the processes by which knowledge is produced. Wikipedia has created a community of inquirers that are governed by norms very different from those that govern scientists. Those who contribute to Wikipedia do not ground their claims on their reputations as knowers, for they stand to lose nothing if and when their contributions are found to be misleading or false. And the immediacy of the medium encourages gossip and jokes. Hence, though we have some reason to believe that an invisible hand aids scientists in realizing their epistemic goals, we cannot ground our confidence in what is reported on Wikipedia on the fact that an invisible hand ensures quality. Nor is the information on Wikipedia aptly justified in a manner similar to the way testimony can be justified.lar to the way testimony can be justified.
Added by wikilit teamAdded on initial load +
Collected data time dimensionN/A +
Comments"we cannot ground our confidence in what is reported on Wikipedia" p. 47
ConclusionThough my contribution to this issue has been critical of Wikipedia in its role in conveying knowledge, I think reflections on the epistemic merits of Wikipedia will prove to be useful.
Data sourceN/A +
Doi10.3366/E1742360008000531 +
Google scholar urlhttp://scholar.google.com/scholar?ie=UTF-8&q=%22The%2Bepistemic%2Bcultures%2Bof%2Bscience%2Band%2BWikipedia%3A%2Ba%2Bcomparison%22 +
Has authorK. Brad Wray +
Has domainPhilosophy and ethics +
Has topicEpistemology +
Issue1 +
Peer reviewedYes +
Publication typeJournal article +
Published inEpisteme - Edinburgh +
Research designConceptual +
Research questionsThis paper compares the epistemic culture of Wikipedia with the epistemic culture of collaborative research in science.
Revid10,973 +
TheoriesUndetermined
Theory typeAnalysis +
TitleThe epistemic cultures of science and Wikipedia: a comparison
Unit of analysisN/A +
Urlhttp://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=8356174 +
Volume6 +
Wikipedia coverageMain topic +
Wikipedia data extractionN/A +
Wikipedia languageN/A +
Wikipedia page typeN/A +
Year2009 +