The Wikipedia: experts, expertise and ethical challenges

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The Wikipedia : experts, expertise and ethical challenges
Authors: Sharman Lichtenstein [edit item]
Citation: AiCE 2008 : proceedings of the fifth Australian Institute of Computer Ethics Conference  : 112-118. 2008.
Publication type: Conference paper
Peer-reviewed: Yes
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Link(s): Paper link
Added by Wikilit team: No but verified
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The Wikipedia : experts, expertise and ethical challenges is a publication by Sharman Lichtenstein.


[edit] Abstract

Participatory models are replacing the traditional models of experts and expertise that are based on individuals, their credentials and domain experience. The Wikipedia is a well-known and popular online encyclopedia, built, edited and administrated by lay citizens rather than traditional experts. It utilises a Web-based participatory model of experts and expertise to enable knowledge contributions and provide administration. While much has been written about the Wikipedia and its merits and pitfalls, there are important ethical challenges stemming from the underlying Wikipedia model. Ethical concerns are likely to be important to Wikipedia users, however as yet, such concerns have not been systematically explored. By reviewing and synthesising existing literature, this paper identifies six key ethical challenges for existing and potential Wikipedia users, stemming from the underlying Web-based participatory model of experts and expertise. Important implications arising from the findings are also discussed.

[edit] Research questions

"What are important ethical concerns to Wikipedia users?"

Research details

Topics: Ethics [edit item]
Domains: Philosophy and ethics, Information systems [edit item]
Theory type: Analysis [edit item]
Wikipedia coverage: Main topic [edit item]
Theories: [edit item]
Research design: Conceptual [edit item]
Data source: N/A [edit item]
Collected data time dimension: N/A [edit item]
Unit of analysis: N/A [edit item]
Wikipedia data extraction: Live Wikipedia [edit item]
Wikipedia page type: N/A [edit item]
Wikipedia language: Not specified [edit item]

[edit] Conclusion

""We have shown in this paper how the Wikipedia adopts a Web-based participatory model of experts and expertise. The paper highlights six key ethical issues for potential and current Wikipedia users to consider. Several scholars have noted that users seek greater assistance in assessing the expertise present in the Wikipedia and similar online encyclopedias. Knowledge seekers must have a way to determine whether they can trust a claimed expert and his or her expertise (Goldman 2002) and possessing“meta-expertise” may be helfpul. “Meta-expertise” is the ability to assess expert credibility by judging demeanour, internal consistency of expert remarks, appropriateness of social locations and so on (Collins & Evans 2007). Ratings of experts by meta-experts can be useful cues to the credibility of such experts. While such cues are currently unavailable in the Wikipedia, emerging approaches have potential. For example, Adler and Alfaro (2007) have developed a reputation system for the Wikipedia based on whether edited words persist over time. The assumption is that if others do not change the words, then the words have value, and their author (that is, the editor who wrote those words) can be trusted in future to provide valuable content. Priedhorsky et al (2007) measure the value and thus reputation of an article’s editor based on the number of times the editor’s words have been viewed. While these initial attempts at helping users to better estimate the value of a Wikipedia article are important steps, they go only a small way toward addressing the six ethical challenges highlighted in this paper. If the Wikipedia model is to survive and thrive, the ethical issues must be fully illuminated and better addressed, requiring further research and the development of effective solutions." (p. 5)"

[edit] Comments


Further notes[edit]

Facts about "The Wikipedia: experts, expertise and ethical challenges"RDF feed
AbstractParticipatory models are replacing the traParticipatory models are replacing the traditional models of experts and expertise that are based on individuals, their credentials and domain experience. The Wikipedia is a well-known and popular online encyclopedia, built, edited and administrated by lay citizens rather than traditional experts. It utilises a Web-based participatory model of experts and expertise to enable knowledge contributions and provide administration. While much has been written about the Wikipedia and its merits and pitfalls, there are important ethical challenges stemming from the underlying Wikipedia model. Ethical concerns are likely to be important to Wikipedia users, however as yet, such concerns have not been systematically explored. By reviewing and synthesising existing literature, this paper identifies six key ethical challenges for existing and potential Wikipedia users, stemming from the underlying Web-based participatory model of experts and expertise. Important implications arising from the findings are also discussed.sing from the findings are also discussed.
Added by wikilit teamNo but verified +
Collected data time dimensionN/A +
Conclusion"We have shown in this paper how the Wikip"We have shown in this paper how the Wikipedia adopts a Web-based participatory model of experts

and expertise. The paper highlights six key ethical issues for potential and current Wikipedia users to consider. Several scholars have noted that users seek greater assistance in assessing the expertise present in the Wikipedia and similar online encyclopedias. Knowledge seekers must have a way to determine whether they can trust a claimed expert and his or her expertise (Goldman 2002) and possessing“meta-expertise” may be helfpul. “Meta-expertise” is the ability to assess expert credibility by judging demeanour, internal consistency of expert remarks, appropriateness of social locations and so on (Collins & Evans 2007). Ratings of experts by meta-experts can be useful cues to the credibility of such experts. While such cues are currently unavailable in the Wikipedia, emerging approaches have potential. For example, Adler and Alfaro (2007) have developed a reputation system for the Wikipedia based on whether edited words persist over time. The assumption is that if others do not change the words, then the words have value, and their author (that is, the editor who wrote those words) can be trusted in future to provide valuable content. Priedhorsky et al (2007) measure the value and thus reputation of an article’s editor based on the number of times the editor’s words have been viewed. While these initial attempts at helping users to better estimate the value of a Wikipedia article are important steps, they go only a small way toward addressing the six ethical challenges highlighted in this paper. If the Wikipedia model is to survive and thrive, the ethical issues must be fully illuminated

and better addressed, requiring further research and the development of effective solutions." (p. 5)
evelopment of effective solutions." (p. 5)
Data sourceN/A +
Google scholar urlhttp://scholar.google.com/scholar?ie=UTF-8&q=%22The%2BWikipedia%2B%3A%2Bexperts%2C%2Bexpertise%2Band%2Bethical%2Bchallenges%22 +
Has authorSharman Lichtenstein +
Has domainPhilosophy and ethics + and Information systems +
Has topicEthics +
Pages112-118 +
Peer reviewedYes +
Publication typeConference paper +
Published inAiCE 2008 : proceedings of the fifth Australian Institute of Computer Ethics Conference +
Research designConceptual +
Research questionsWhat are important ethical concerns to Wikipedia users?
Revid10,963 +
Theory typeAnalysis +
TitleThe Wikipedia : experts, expertise and ethical challenges
Unit of analysisN/A +
Urlhttp://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30018339 +
Wikipedia coverageMain topic +
Wikipedia data extractionLive Wikipedia +
Wikipedia languageNot specified +
Wikipedia page typeN/A +
Year2008 +