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Writing, citing, and participatory media: wikis as learning environments in the high school classroom
Abstract In this article we use the rhetorical notiIn this article we use the rhetorical notion of genre as an analytic lens for studying the use and impact of new media in schools. Genre pervades the scholastic life of students as they become adept practitioners of written performances. Our empirical studies investigate how creation and consumption of media are linked as high school students produce a public information resource in their science classes using a specially designed wiki. We found that, although institutional assessment regimes for both students and teachers inhibited collaboration and although the wiki tools were appropriated as single-author environments, the wiki, because it is an open, transparent medium, supported students in building a shared understanding of genre as they struggled with an unfamiliar rhetorical situation. As we describe the process by which students made sense of an assignment that served purposes beyond test preparation and classroom assessment, we also demonstrate how writing on a public wiki was a particularly useful writing experience that brought about opportunities for reflection and learning. These opportunities include transforming the value of citation, creating a need to engage deeply with content, and providing both a need and a foundation for assessing information resources.ation for assessing information resources.
Added by wikilit team Added on initial load  +
Collected data time dimension N/A  +
Conclusion We found that, although institutional asseWe found that, although institutional assessment regimes for both students and teachers inhibited collaboration and although the wiki tools were appropriated as single-author environments, the wiki, because it is an open, transparent medium, supported students in building a shared understanding of genre as they struggled with an unfamiliar rhetorical situation. As we describe the process by which students made sense of an assignment that served purposes beyond test preparation and classroom assessment, we also demonstrate how writing on a public wiki was a particularly useful writing experience that brought about opportunities for reflection and learning. These opportunities include transforming the value of citation, creating a need to engage deeply with content, and providing both a need and a foundation for assessing information resources.ation for assessing information resources.
Data source Interview responses  +
Doi 10.1162/ijlm a 00033 +
Google scholar url http://scholar.google.com/scholar?ie=UTF-8&q=%22Writing%2C%2Bciting%2C%2Band%2Bparticipatory%2Bmedia%3A%2Bwikis%2Bas%2Blearning%2Benvironments%2Bin%2Bthe%2Bhigh%2Bschool%2Bclassroom%22  +
Has author Andrea Forte + , Amy Bruckman +
Has domain Education +
Has topic Student contribution +
Issue 4  +
Pages 23-44  +
Peer reviewed Yes  +
Publication type Journal article  +
Published in International Journal of Learning +
Research design Grounded theory  +
Research questions In this article we use the rhetorical notiIn this article we use the rhetorical notion of genre as an analytic lens for studying the use and impact of new media in schools. Genre pervades the scholastic life of students as they become adept practitioners of written performances. Our empirical studies investigate how creation and consumption of media are linked as high school students produce a public information resource in their science classes using a specially designed wiki.e classes using a specially designed wiki.
Revid 11,112  +
Theories We used grounded theory as described by StWe used grounded theory as described by Strauss and Corbin (Glaser and Strauss 1967; Strauss and Corbin 1998) to develop explanations of students’ writing practices based primarily on interview data and supported by our classroom observations. Grounded theory is an inductive approach to understanding a phenomenon in which researchers use iterative rounds of data collection and coding in order to work from empirical data to construct theoretical explanations of the phenomenon under investigation.ons of the phenomenon under investigation.
Theory type Analysis  +
Title Writing, citing, and participatory media: wikis as learning environments in the high school classroom
Unit of analysis N/A  +
Url http://www.mitpressjournals.org/doi/abs/10.1162/ijlm_a_00033  +
Volume 1  +
Wikipedia coverage Case  +
Wikipedia data extraction N/A  +
Wikipedia language Not specified  +
Wikipedia page type N/A  +
Year 2009  +
Creation dateThis property is a special property in this wiki. 6 March 2012 15:37:36  +
Categories Student contribution  + , Education  + , Publications with missing comments  + , Publications  +
Modification dateThis property is a special property in this wiki. 30 January 2014 20:34:23  +
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