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Wikipedia as an encyclopaedia of life
Abstract In a 2003 essay E. O. Wilson outlined his In a 2003 essay E. O. Wilson outlined his vision for an "encyclopaedia of life" comprising "an electronic page for each species of organism on Earth", each page containing "the scientific name of the species, a pictorial or genomic presentation of the primary type specimen on which its name is based, and a summary of its diagnostic traits". Although biodiversity informatics has generated numerous online resources, including some directly inspired by Wilson's essay (e.g., iSpecies and EOL), we are still some way from the goal of having available online all relevant information about a species, such as its taxonomy, evolutionary history, genomics, morphology, ecology, and behaviour. While the biodiversity community has been developing a plethora of databases, some with overlapping goals and duplicated content, Wikipedia has been slowly growing to the point where it now has over 100,000 pages on biological taxa. My goal in this essay is to explore the idea that, largely independent of the aims of biodiversity informatics and well-funded international efforts, Wikipedia has emerged as potentially the best platform for fulfilling E. O. Wilson's vision.form for fulfilling E. O. Wilson's vision.
Added by wikilit team Yes  +
Collected data time dimension Cross-sectional  +
Comments Dominance of search result rankings, contributor size, and potential linkage to other data are all strengths of Wikipedia, but there are limitations of Wikipedia’s taxonomic content.
Conclusion Dominance of search result rankings, contrDominance of search result rankings, contributor size, and potential linkage to other data are all strengths of Wikipedia, but as we have seen above, the latter system is not without flaws. One approach to addressing the limitations of Wikipedia’s taxonomic content is that adopted earlier this year by EOL (http://www.eol.org), which has started incorporating content from Wikipedia into its own pages, albeit the Wikipedia-derived content is held in quarantine and flagged as “unreviewed”. This approach contrasts with that adopted by, say, the BBC, which reuses Wikipedia content, editing Wikipedia pages directly if an article’s quality is regarded as insufficient.cle’s quality is regarded as insufficient.
Data source Wikipedia pages  +
Doi 10.1007/s13127-010-0028-9 +
Google scholar url http://scholar.google.com/scholar?ie=UTF-8&q=%22Wikipedia%2Bas%2Ban%2Bencyclopaedia%2Bof%2Blife%22  +
Has author Roderic D. M. Page +
Has domain Computer science + , Biology +
Has topic Reliability + , Other participation outcomes + , Knowledge source for scholars and librarians + , Reader perceptions of credibility +
Month June  +
Peer reviewed Yes  +
Publication type Journal article  +
Published in Organisms Diversity & Evolution +
Research design Action research  + , Statistical analysis  +
Research questions My goal in this essay is to explore the idea that, largely independent of the aims of biodiversity informatics and well-funded international efforts, Wikipedia has emerged as potentially the best platform for fulfilling E. O. Wilson’s vision.
Revid 11,093  +
Theories Undetermined
Theory type Analysis  +
Title Wikipedia as an encyclopaedia of life
Unit of analysis Website  +
Url http://precedings.nature.com/documents/4242/version/1  +
Wikipedia coverage Main topic  +
Wikipedia data extraction Dump  +
Wikipedia language English  +
Wikipedia page type Article  +
Year 2010  +
Creation dateThis property is a special property in this wiki. 15 March 2012 20:35:19  +
Categories Reliability  + , Other participation outcomes  + , Knowledge source for scholars and librarians  + , Reader perceptions of credibility  + , Computer science  + , Biology  + , Publications  +
Modification dateThis property is a special property in this wiki. 30 January 2014 20:33:01  +
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