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Where does the information come from? Information source use patterns in Wikipedia
Abstract Introduction. Little is known about WikipeIntroduction. Little is known about Wikipedia contributors' information behaviour and from where and how the information in the encyclopaedia originated. Even though a large number of texts in Wikipedia cite external sources according to the intentions of the verifiability policy, many articles lack references and in many others the references have been added afterwards. Method. This article reports the results of a Web survey of information source use patterns, answered by 108 Wikipedia contributors in spring 2008. Analysis. The qualitative questions were analysed using a close reading and grounded theory approach. The multiple-choice questions were analysed using descriptive statistics and bi-variate correlation analysis. Results. The results indicate that there are several distinct groups of contributors using different information sources. The results also indicate a preference for sources available online. However, in spite of the popularity of online material a significant proportion of the original information is based on printed literature, personal expertise and other non-digital sources of information. The information source use of Wikipedia contributors is also illustrative of the complexity and life-world scope of human information behaviour. Conclusions. Understanding the information source use of contributors helps us to understand how new Wikipedia articles emerge, how edits are motivated, where the information actually comes from and more generally, what kind of information may be expected to be found in Wikipedia. may be expected to be found in Wikipedia.
Added by wikilit team Added on initial load  +
Collected data time dimension Cross-sectional  +
Conclusion The results indicate that there are severaThe results indicate that there are several distinct groups of contributors using different information sources. The results also indicate a preference for sources available online. However, in spite of the popularity of online material a significant proportion of the original information is based on printed literature, personal expertise and other non-digital sources of information. The information source use of Wikipedia contributors is also illustrative of the complexity and life-world scope of human information behaviour.orld scope of human information behaviour.
Data source Survey responses  +
Google scholar url http://scholar.google.com/scholar?ie=UTF-8&q=%22Where%2Bdoes%2Bthe%2Binformation%2Bcome%2Bfrom%3F%2BInformation%2Bsource%2Buse%2Bpatterns%2Bin%2BWikipedia%22  +
Has author Isto Huvila +
Has domain Information systems +
Has topic Reliability + , Contributor perceptions of credibility +
Issue 3  +
Month June  +
Pages 24  +
Peer reviewed Yes  +
Publication type Journal article  +
Published in Information Research +
Research design Statistical analysis  +
Research questions Little is known about Wikipedia contributoLittle is known about Wikipedia contributors’ information behaviour and from where and how the information in the encyclopaedia originated. Even though a large number of texts in Wikipedia cite external sources according to the intentions of the verifiability policy, many articles lack references and in many others the references have been added afterwards.the references have been added afterwards.
Revid 11,054  +
Theories Undetermined
Theory type Analysis  +
Title Where does the information come from? Information source use patterns in Wikipedia
Unit of analysis User  +
Url http://informationr.net/ir/15-3/paper433.html  +
Volume 15  +
Wikipedia coverage Main topic  +
Wikipedia data extraction N/A  +
Wikipedia language N/A  +
Wikipedia page type N/A  +
Year 2010  +
Creation dateThis property is a special property in this wiki. 15 March 2012 20:33:39  +
Categories Reliability  + , Contributor perceptions of credibility  + , Information systems  + , Publications with missing comments  + , Publications  +
Modification dateThis property is a special property in this wiki. 30 January 2014 20:32:28  +
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