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Voluntary engagement in an open web-based encyclopedia: Wikipedians and why they do it
Abstract The online encyclopedia Wikipedia is a higThe online encyclopedia Wikipedia is a highly successful "open content" project, written and maintained completely by volunteers. Little is known, however, about the motivation of these volunteers. Results from an online survey among 106 contributors to the German Wikipedia project are presented. Both motives derived from social sciences (perceived benefits, identification with Wikipedia, etc.) as well as perceived task characteristics (autonomy, skill variety, etc.) were assessed as potential predictors of contributors' satisfaction and self-reported engagement. Satisfaction ratings were particularly determined by perceived benefits, identification with the Wikipedia community, and task characteristics. Engagement was particularly determined by high tolerance for opportunity costs and by task characteristics, the latter effect being partially mediated by intrinsic motivation. Relevant task characteristics for contributors' engagement and satisfaction were perceived autonomy, task significance, skill variety, and feedback. Models from social sciences and work psychology complemented each other by suggesting that favorable task experiences might counter perceived opportunity costs in Wikipedia contributors. Moreover, additional data reported by Wikipedia authors indicate the importance of generativity motives.te the importance of generativity motives.
Added by wikilit team Added on initial load  +
Collected data time dimension Cross-sectional  +
Conclusion Satisfaction ratings were particularly detSatisfaction ratings were particularly determined by perceived benefits, identification with the Wikipedia community, and task characteristics. Engagement was particularly determined by high tolerance for opportunity costs and by task characteristics, the latter effect being partially mediated by intrinsic motivation. Relevant task characteristics for contributors' engagement and satisfaction were perceived autonomy, task significance, skill variety, and feedback. Models from social sciences and work psychology complemented each other by suggesting that favorable task experiences might counter perceived opportunity costs in Wikipedia contributors. Moreover, additional data reported by Wikipedia authors indicate the importance of generativity motives.te the importance of generativity motives.
Data source Survey responses  +
Doi 10.1080/15213260802669466 +
Google scholar url http://scholar.google.com/scholar?ie=UTF-8&q=%22Voluntary%2Bengagement%2Bin%2Ban%2Bopen%2Bweb-based%2Bencyclopedia%3A%2Bwikipedians%2Band%2Bwhy%2Bthey%2Bdo%2Bit%22  +
Has author Joachim Schroer + , Guido Hertel +
Has domain Information systems + , Psychology + , Sociology +
Has topic Contributor motivation + , Societal antecedents of participation + , Contributor engagement +
Issue 1  +
Pages 96-120  +
Peer reviewed Yes  +
Publication type Journal article  +
Published in Media Psychology +
Research design Statistical analysis  +
Research questions The online encyclopedia Wikipedia is a highly successful “open content” project, written and maintained completely by volunteers. Little is known, however, about the motivation of these volunteers.
Revid 10,913  +
Theories we argue that theories of social movement we argue that theories of social movement participation may also explain the motivation of contributors to Wikipedia. A similar case has been made for the explanation of F/OSS projects (Hertel et al., 2003). H1: A positive net value of individual benefits is positively associated with the extent of contributors' engagement for Wikipedia. H2: A positive net value of individual benefits is positively associated with contributors' satisfaction with their engagement for Wikipedia. H3: Identification with the Wikipedia community is positively associated with the extent of contributors' engagement. H4: Identification with the Wikipedia community is positively associated with contributors' satisfaction with their engagement.utors' satisfaction with their engagement.
Theory type Explanation  +
Title Voluntary engagement in an open web-based encyclopedia: wikipedians and why they do it
Unit of analysis User  +
Url http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/15213260802669466  +
Volume 12  +
Wikipedia coverage Main topic  +
Wikipedia data extraction N/A  +
Wikipedia language German  +
Wikipedia page type N/A  +
Year 2009  +
Creation dateThis property is a special property in this wiki. 15 March 2012 20:32:40  +
Categories Contributor motivation  + , Societal antecedents of participation  + , Contributor engagement  + , Information systems  + , Psychology  + , Sociology  + , Publications with missing comments  + , Publications  +
Modification dateThis property is a special property in this wiki. 30 January 2014 20:30:28  +
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