Browse wiki

Jump to: navigation, search
The framing of political NGOs in Wikipedia through criticism elimination
Abstract This article introduces criticism eliminatThis article introduces criticism elimination, a type of information removal leading to a framing effect that impairs Wikipedia's delivery of a neutral point of view {(NPOV)} and ultimately facilitates a new form of gatekeeping with political science and information technology implications. This article demonstrates a systematic use of criticism elimination and categorizes the editors responsible into four types. We show that some types use criticism elimination to dominate and manipulate articles to advocate political and ideological agendas. We suggest mitigation approaches to criticism elimination. The research is interdisciplinary and based on empirical analysis of the public edit histories.cal analysis of the public edit histories.
Added by wikilit team Added on initial load  +
Collected data time dimension Cross-sectional  +
Conclusion some types use criticism elimination to dosome types use criticism elimination to dominate and manipulate articles to advocate political and ideological agendas. We suggest mitigation approaches to criticism elimination. The research is interdisciplinary and based on empirical analysis of the public edit histories. This research presents criticism elimination, a type of information removal that can introduce framing in community-created content. The examination of 627 edits spread over 16 Wikipedia articles demonstrates systematic removal of criticism published by reliable sources, despite policy. This leads to framing that runs counter to the NPOV policy and highlights a weakness, open to exploitation, in the current Wikipedia model. We have shown that criticism elimination can have a gatekeeping effect that allows parts of Wikipedia to be dominated by those with an agenda. The presence of politically motivated framing and de facto gatekeepers runs counter to the Wikipedia model of knowledge generation. It has implications for both article quality and trust, particularly on contentious topics. Further research on gatekeeping in Wikipedia is needed. We have classified, into four groups, the editors who use criticism elimination to achieve a framing effect. We have suggested prevention and harm minimization approaches appropriate to different classifications of editors using criticism elimination. Fine grain editing restrictions may prevent some problems, while new tools to increase the visibility of removed references could make it easier to spot and undo the rest. make it easier to spot and undo the rest.
Data source Wikipedia pages  +
Doi 10.1080/19331680903577822 +
Google scholar url http://scholar.google.com/scholar?ie=UTF-8&q=%22The%2Bframing%2Bof%2Bpolitical%2BNGOs%2Bin%2BWikipedia%2Bthrough%2Bcriticism%2Belimination%22  +
Has author Andre Oboler + , Gerald Steinberg + , Rephael Stern +
Has domain Computer science + , Information systems + , Political science +
Has topic Deliberative collaboration + , Policies and governance +
Issue 4  +
Pages 284-299  +
Peer reviewed Yes  +
Publication type Journal article  +
Published in Journal of Information Technology & Politics +
Research design Content analysis  +
Research questions This article demonstrates a systematic useThis article demonstrates a systematic use of criticism elimination and categorizes the editors responsible into four types. We show that some types use criticism elimination to dominate and manipulate articles to advocate political and ideological agendas.dvocate political and ideological agendas.
Revid 10,976  +
Theories Social responsibility theory (Peterson, 1956) saw the public as passive and easily manipulated and the media as “information gatekeepers who represented the public's interest” (Williams & Delli Carpini, 2004, p. 63)
Theory type Analysis  +
Title The framing of political NGOs in Wikipedia through criticism elimination
Unit of analysis Edit  +
Url http://www.informaworld.com/10.1080/19331680903577822  +
Volume 7  +
Wikipedia coverage Main topic  +
Wikipedia data extraction Live Wikipedia  +
Wikipedia language English  +
Wikipedia page type User  + , History  +
Year 2010  +
Creation dateThis property is a special property in this wiki. 15 March 2012 20:30:42  +
Categories Deliberative collaboration  + , Policies and governance  + , Computer science  + , Information systems  + , Political science  + , Publications with missing comments  + , Publications  +
Modification dateThis property is a special property in this wiki. 30 January 2014 20:31:43  +
hide properties that link here 
  No properties link to this page.
 

 

Enter the name of the page to start browsing from.