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The epistemic cultures of science and Wikipedia: a comparison
Abstract I compare the epistemic culture of WikipedI compare the epistemic culture of Wikipedia with the epistemic culture of science, with special attention to the culture of collaborative research in science. The two cultures differ markedly with respect to (1) the knowledge produced, (2) who produces the knowledge, and (3) the processes by which knowledge is produced. Wikipedia has created a community of inquirers that are governed by norms very different from those that govern scientists. Those who contribute to Wikipedia do not ground their claims on their reputations as knowers, for they stand to lose nothing if and when their contributions are found to be misleading or false. And the immediacy of the medium encourages gossip and jokes. Hence, though we have some reason to believe that an invisible hand aids scientists in realizing their epistemic goals, we cannot ground our confidence in what is reported on Wikipedia on the fact that an invisible hand ensures quality. Nor is the information on Wikipedia aptly justified in a manner similar to the way testimony can be justified.lar to the way testimony can be justified.
Added by wikilit team Added on initial load  +
Collected data time dimension N/A  +
Comments "we cannot ground our confidence in what is reported on Wikipedia" p. 47
Conclusion Though my contribution to this issue has been critical of Wikipedia in its role in conveying knowledge, I think reflections on the epistemic merits of Wikipedia will prove to be useful.
Data source N/A  +
Doi 10.3366/E1742360008000531 +
Google scholar url http://scholar.google.com/scholar?ie=UTF-8&q=%22The%2Bepistemic%2Bcultures%2Bof%2Bscience%2Band%2BWikipedia%3A%2Ba%2Bcomparison%22  +
Has author K. Brad Wray +
Has domain Philosophy and ethics +
Has topic Epistemology +
Issue 1  +
Peer reviewed Yes  +
Publication type Journal article  +
Published in Episteme - Edinburgh +
Research design Conceptual  +
Research questions This paper compares the epistemic culture of Wikipedia with the epistemic culture of collaborative research in science.
Revid 10,973  +
Theories Undetermined
Theory type Analysis  +
Title The epistemic cultures of science and Wikipedia: a comparison
Unit of analysis N/A  +
Url http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=8356174  +
Volume 6  +
Wikipedia coverage Main topic  +
Wikipedia data extraction N/A  +
Wikipedia language N/A  +
Wikipedia page type N/A  +
Year 2009  +
Creation dateThis property is a special property in this wiki. 15 March 2012 20:30:41  +
Categories Epistemology  + , Philosophy and ethics  + , Publications  +
Modification dateThis property is a special property in this wiki. 30 January 2014 20:31:41  +
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