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The Wikipedia: experts, expertise and ethical challenges
Abstract Participatory models are replacing the traParticipatory models are replacing the traditional models of experts and expertise that are based on individuals, their credentials and domain experience. The Wikipedia is a well-known and popular online encyclopedia, built, edited and administrated by lay citizens rather than traditional experts. It utilises a Web-based participatory model of experts and expertise to enable knowledge contributions and provide administration. While much has been written about the Wikipedia and its merits and pitfalls, there are important ethical challenges stemming from the underlying Wikipedia model. Ethical concerns are likely to be important to Wikipedia users, however as yet, such concerns have not been systematically explored. By reviewing and synthesising existing literature, this paper identifies six key ethical challenges for existing and potential Wikipedia users, stemming from the underlying Web-based participatory model of experts and expertise. Important implications arising from the findings are also discussed.sing from the findings are also discussed.
Added by wikilit team No but verified  +
Collected data time dimension N/A  +
Conclusion "We have shown in this paper how the Wikip"We have shown in this paper how the Wikipedia adopts a Web-based participatory model of experts and expertise. The paper highlights six key ethical issues for potential and current Wikipedia users to consider. Several scholars have noted that users seek greater assistance in assessing the expertise present in the Wikipedia and similar online encyclopedias. Knowledge seekers must have a way to determine whether they can trust a claimed expert and his or her expertise (Goldman 2002) and possessing“meta-expertise” may be helfpul. “Meta-expertise” is the ability to assess expert credibility by judging demeanour, internal consistency of expert remarks, appropriateness of social locations and so on (Collins & Evans 2007). Ratings of experts by meta-experts can be useful cues to the credibility of such experts. While such cues are currently unavailable in the Wikipedia, emerging approaches have potential. For example, Adler and Alfaro (2007) have developed a reputation system for the Wikipedia based on whether edited words persist over time. The assumption is that if others do not change the words, then the words have value, and their author (that is, the editor who wrote those words) can be trusted in future to provide valuable content. Priedhorsky et al (2007) measure the value and thus reputation of an article’s editor based on the number of times the editor’s words have been viewed. While these initial attempts at helping users to better estimate the value of a Wikipedia article are important steps, they go only a small way toward addressing the six ethical challenges highlighted in this paper. If the Wikipedia model is to survive and thrive, the ethical issues must be fully illuminated and better addressed, requiring further research and the development of effective solutions." (p. 5)evelopment of effective solutions." (p. 5)
Data source N/A  +
Google scholar url  +
Has author Sharman Lichtenstein +
Has domain Philosophy and ethics + , Information systems +
Has topic Ethics +
Pages 112-118  +
Peer reviewed Yes  +
Publication type Conference paper  +
Published in AiCE 2008 : proceedings of the fifth Australian Institute of Computer Ethics Conference +
Research design Conceptual  +
Research questions What are important ethical concerns to Wikipedia users?
Revid 10,963  +
Theory type Analysis  +
Title The Wikipedia : experts, expertise and ethical challenges
Unit of analysis N/A  +
Url  +
Wikipedia coverage Main topic  +
Wikipedia data extraction Live Wikipedia  +
Wikipedia language Not specified  +
Wikipedia page type N/A  +
Year 2008  +
Creation dateThis property is a special property in this wiki. 29 May 2012 22:09:20  +
Categories Ethics  + , Philosophy and ethics  + , Information systems  + , Publications with missing theories  + , Publications with missing comments  + , Publications  +
Modification dateThis property is a special property in this wiki. 30 January 2014 20:31:36  +
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