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Perceived credibility of Internet encyclopedias
Abstract A vast amount of information is now availaA vast amount of information is now available online, produced by a variety of sources with a range of editorial oversight procedures. These range from very centralized information with multiple layers of review, to no oversight at all. Determining which information is credible can pose a real challenge. An experiment was designed to determine whether certain webpage characteristics affect academics' and students' perception of the credibility of information presented in an online article. The experiment looked at five peripheral cues: (1) presence or absence of an identifiable author, (2) presence or absence of references, (3) presence or absence of a biased sponsor, (4) presence or absence of an award, and (5) whether the article is designated as appearing in Encyclopedia Britannica, Wikipedia, or Encyclopedia of Earth. The results indicate that compared to Encyclopedia Britannica, article information appearing in both Encyclopedia of Earth and Wikipedia is perceived as significantly less credible. They also show that the presence of a biased sponsor has a significant negative effect on perceived credibility. negative effect on perceived credibility.
Added by wikilit team Added on initial load  +
Collected data time dimension Cross-sectional  +
Conclusion The results indicate that compared to EncyThe results indicate that compared to Encyclopedia Britannica, article information appearing in both Encyclopedia of Earth and Wikipedia is perceived as significantly less credible. The results also indicate that the presence of a biased sponsor has a significant negative effect on perceived credibility. negative effect on perceived credibility.
Data source Experiment responses  + , Survey responses  +
Google scholar url http://scholar.google.com/scholar?ie=UTF-8&q=%22Perceived%2Bcredibility%2Bof%2BInternet%2Bencyclopedias%22  +
Has author Ida Kubiszewski + , Thomas Noordewier + , Robert Costanza +
Has domain Library science + , Psychology +
Has topic Knowledge source for scholars and librarians + , Reader perceptions of credibility + , Cross-domain student readership +
Peer reviewed Yes  +
Publication type Journal article  +
Published in Computers & Education +
Research design Experiment  +
Research questions An experiment was designed to determine whAn experiment was designed to determine whether certain webpage characteristics affect academics’ and students’ perception of the credibility of information presented in an online article. The experiment looked at five peripheral cues: (1) presence or absence of an identifiable author, (2) presence or absence of references, (3) presence or absence of a biased sponsor, (4) presence or absence of an award, and (5) whether the article is designated as appearing in Encyclopedia Britannica, Wikipedia, or Encyclopedia of Earth.nica, Wikipedia, or Encyclopedia of Earth.
Revid 10,903  +
Theories In the context of our study, the elaboratiIn the context of our study, the elaboration likelihood model discusses two methods that can be incorporated into a website to persuade readers that the information is credible. These are a central route and peripheral route (Petty & Cacioppo, 1986). The central route requires users to carefully scrutinize the message and to determine the merits of the arguments. The elaboration likelihood model argues that the central route to persuasion should be utilized if the message recipient is highly motivated (Petty & Cacioppo, 1979) and/or readily able to comprehend the message (Petty et al., 1976). The peripheral route does not require the user to analyze the message or the argument extensively, but often relies on visual characteristics or other cues embedded in the message. The peripheral route may be optimal if elaboration likelihood (i.e., the likelihood of recipient motivation and/or ability) is low. This research does not test the elaboration likelihood model, per se, but utilizes the idea that peripheral persuasion cues may affect a user’s perception of credibility of an online encyclopedia article. The core proposition states that the perceived credibility of an article’s content may be affected by the environmental characteristics of the message (Petty et al., 1994).stics of the message (Petty et al., 1994).
Theory type Explanation  +
Title Perceived credibility of Internet encyclopedias
Unit of analysis Article  +
Url http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0360131510002939  +
Wikipedia coverage Case  +
Wikipedia data extraction Live Wikipedia  +
Wikipedia language English  +
Wikipedia page type Article  +
Year 2011  +
Creation dateThis property is a special property in this wiki. 15 March 2012 20:29:57  +
Categories Knowledge source for scholars and librarians  + , Reader perceptions of credibility  + , Cross-domain student readership  + , Library science  + , Psychology  + , Publications with missing comments  + , Publications  +
Modification dateThis property is a special property in this wiki. 30 January 2014 20:30:17  +
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