Browse wiki

Jump to: navigation, search
Exploring motivations for contributing to open source initiatives: the roles of contribution context and personal values
Abstract We explore contextual and dispositional coWe explore contextual and dispositional correlates of the motivation to contribute to open source initiatives. We examine how the context of the open source project, and the personal values of contributors, are related to the types of motivations for contributing. A web-based survey was administered to 300 contributors in two prominent open source contexts: software and content. As hypothesized, software contributors placed a greater emphasis on reputation-gaining and self-development motivations, compared with content contributors, who placed a greater emphasis on altruistic motives. Furthermore, the hypothesized relationships were found between contributors’ personal values and their motivations for contributing.es and their motivations for contributing.
Added by wikilit team Added on initial load  +
Collected data time dimension Cross-sectional  +
Comments software contributors placed a greater emphasis on reputation-gaining and self-development motivations, compared with content contributors, who placed a greater emphasis on altruistic motives.
Conclusion Contrary to previous research on contributContrary to previous research on contributor motivation, which has tended to view the open source model as a uniform phenomenon, our findings offer a more complex view that emphasizes the unique nature of particular open source contexts. Beyond the characteristics shared by the software and content models, our study highlights meaningful, psychologically-relevant, differences. Additionally, our findings provide information on the personal characteristics of those who contribute. Although reputation-gaining was, as hypothesized, stronger in the software context than in the content context, it was nevertheless unexpectedly the weakest motivation of the three, in both contexts. Given contributors’ requirement to establish and make their expertise public, we expected reputation-gaining to be among the stronger, rather than weaker, motivations for this context. One possible reason for its low rating, compared with altruism, may be the effect of social desirability (see Crowne and Marlowe, 1960 D.P. Crowne and D. Marlowe, A new scale of social desirability independent of psychopathology, Journal of Consulting Psychology 24 (1960), pp. 349–354. Abstractsychology 24 (1960), pp. 349–354. Abstract
Data source Survey responses  +
Doi 10.1016/j.chb.2007.09.007 +
Google scholar url http://scholar.google.com/scholar?ie=UTF-8&q=%22Exploring%2Bmotivations%2Bfor%2Bcontributing%2Bto%2Bopen%2Bsource%2Binitiatives%3A%2Bthe%2Broles%2Bof%2Bcontribution%2Bcontext%2Band%2Bpersonal%2Bvalues%22  +
Has author Shaul Oreg + , Oded Nov +
Has domain Information systems +
Has topic Contributor motivation +
Issue 5  +
Month September  +
Pages 2055-2073  +
Peer reviewed Yes  +
Publication type Journal article  +
Published in Computers in Human Behavior +
Research design Conceptual  + , Statistical analysis  +
Research questions We explore contextual and dispositional coWe explore contextual and dispositional correlates of the motivation to contribute to open source initiatives. We examine how the context of the open source project, and the personal values of contributors, are related to the types of motivations for contributing. A web-based survey was administered to 300 contributors in two prominent open source contexts: software and content.pen source contexts: software and content.
Revid 10,762  +
Theories 3.1. Schwartz’s theory of human values Sch3.1. Schwartz’s theory of human values Schwartz (1992) describes 10 distinct motivational goals that are each expressed as a value type: power, achievement, hedonism, stimulation, self-direction, universalism, benevolence, tradition, conformity and security. His theory of personal values also explicates a structural aspect of values, namely, the dynamic relations among them. Actions in pursuit of any value have psychological, practical, and social consequences that may conflict or be congruent with the pursuit of other values. The total pattern of relations of conflict and compatibility among values yields the structure represented in Fig. 2, validated across over 70 cultural groups (e.g., Schwartz, 1992 S. Schwartz, Universals in the content and structure of values: Theoretical advances and empirical tests in 20 countries. In: M.P. Zanna, Editor, Advances in experimental social psychology Vol. 25, Academic Press, San Diego, CA (1992), pp. 1–65. Abstract, San Diego, CA (1992), pp. 1–65. Abstract
Theory type Explanation  +
Title Exploring motivations for contributing to open source initiatives: the roles of contribution context and personal values
Unit of analysis User  +
Url http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6VDC-4R4DFYD-1/2/c932c29128dff00545bf4f95a880c0a4  +
Volume 24  +
Wikipedia coverage Case  +
Wikipedia data extraction N/A  +
Wikipedia language English  +
Wikipedia page type N/A  +
Year 2008  +
Creation dateThis property is a special property in this wiki. 15 March 2012 20:27:55  +
Categories Contributor motivation  + , Information systems  + , Publications  +
Modification dateThis property is a special property in this wiki. 30 January 2014 20:26:14  +
hide properties that link here 
  No properties link to this page.
 

 

Enter the name of the page to start browsing from.