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'Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia' as a role model? Lessons for open innovation from an exploratory examination of the supposedly democratic-anarchic nature of Wikipedia
Abstract Accounts of open source software (OSS) devAccounts of open source software (OSS) development projects frequently stress their democratic, sometimes even anarchic nature, in contrast to for-profit organisations. Given this observation, our research evaluates qualitative data from Wikipedia, a free online encyclopaedia whose development mechanism allegedly resembles that of OSS projects. Our research offers contributions to the field of open innovation research with three major findings. First, we shed light on Wikipedia as a phenomenon that has received scant attention from management scholars to date. Second, we show that OSS-related motivational mechanisms partially apply to Wikipedia participants. Third, our exploration of Wikipedia also reveals that its organisational mechanisms are often perceived as bureaucratic by contributors. This finding was unexpected since this type of problem is often associated with for-profit organisations. Such a situation risks attenuating the motivation of contributors and sheds a critical light on the nature of Wikipedia as a role model for open innovation processes. role model for open innovation processes.
Added by wikilit team Added on initial load  +
Collected data time dimension N/A  +
Comments "We report that various insights from the "We report that various insights from the field of OSS can be equally well applied to the realm of Wikipedia...In several cases, Wikipedia seems to follow conventional organizational patterns, particularly in respect of the unexpected bureaucratization. Our findings reflect this in terms of the establishment of different types of permissions, policies, and guidelines, as well as the creation of central institutions. " p. 471creation of central institutions. " p. 471
Conclusion We report that various insights from the fWe report that various insights from the field of OSS can be equally well applied to the realm of Wikipedia. Our best evidence for this is the fact that contributors are generally not reimbursed for their efforts. Consistent with our observations and in line with Deci (1975), this can ascribed to both extrinsic and intrinsic motivational stimuli as defined in earlier sections. In several cases, Wikipedia seems to follow conventional organizational patterns, particularly in respect of the unexpected bureaucratization. Our findings reflect this in terms of the establishment of different types of permissions, policies, and guidelines, as well as the creation of central institutions.l as the creation of central institutions.
Data source Interview responses  +
Doi 10.1504/IJTM.2010.035985 +
Google scholar url http://scholar.google.com/scholar?ie=UTF-8&q=%22%27Wikipedia%2C%2Bthe%2Bfree%2Bencyclopedia%27%2Bas%2Ba%2Brole%2Bmodel%3F%2BLessons%2Bfor%2Bopen%2Binnovation%2Bfrom%2Ban%2Bexploratory%2Bexamination%2Bof%2Bthe%2Bsupposedly%2Bdemocratic-anarchic%2Bnature%2B  +
Has author Gordon Müller-Seitz + , Guido Reger +
Has domain Information systems +
Has topic Contributor motivation + , Policies and governance + , Social order +
Issue 1  +
Pages 73-88  +
Peer reviewed Yes  +
Publication type Journal article  +
Published in International Journal of Technology Management +
Research design Case study  +
Research questions This study aims to analyze the following cThis study aims to analyze the following claims in a realted realm: - traditional motivational theories are incapable of adequately explaining the extraordinatry engagement of these highly-dkilled developers.... - because of lack of enduring organisational structures and non-existent contracts, this realm is described as being democratic, open or even anarchicas being democratic, open or even anarchic
Revid 10,623  +
Theories Undetermined
Theory type Analysis  +
Title 'Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia' as a role model? Lessons for open innovation from an exploratory examination of the supposedly democratic-anarchic nature of Wikipedia
Unit of analysis Article  +
Url http://dx.doi.org/10.1504/IJTM.2010.035985  +
Volume 32  +
Wikipedia coverage Main topic  +
Wikipedia data extraction Live Wikipedia  +
Wikipedia language Not specified  +
Wikipedia page type Article  + , Policy  +
Year 2010  +
Creation dateThis property is a special property in this wiki. 15 March 2012 20:34:28  +
Categories Contributor motivation  + , Policies and governance  + , Social order  + , Information systems  + , Publications  +
Modification dateThis property is a special property in this wiki. 30 January 2014 20:19:21  +
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