Self-governance through group discussion in Wikipedia: measuring deliberation in online groups

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Self-governance through group discussion in Wikipedia: measuring deliberation in online groups
Authors: Laura W. Black, Howard T. Welser, Daniel Regis Cosley, Jocelyn M. DeGroot [edit item]
Citation: Small Group Research  : . 2011 May.
Publication type: Journal article
Peer-reviewed: Yes
Database(s):
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Google Scholar cites: Citations
Link(s): Paper link
Added by Wikilit team: Added on initial load
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Self-governance through group discussion in Wikipedia: measuring deliberation in online groups is a publication by Laura W. Black, Howard T. Welser, Daniel Regis Cosley, Jocelyn M. DeGroot.


[edit] Abstract

Virtual teams and other online groups can find it challenging to establish norms that allow them to effectively balance task and relational aspects of their discussions. Yet, in our reliance on organizational and team theories, small group scholars have overlooked the potential for learning from examples offered by online communities.Theories of deliberation in small groups offer scholars a way to assess such discussion-centered self-governance in online groups.The study operationalizes the conceptual definition of deliberative discussion offered by Gastil and Black (2008) to examine the small group discussions that undergird policy-making processes in a well-established online community, Wikipedia. Content analysis shows that these discussions demonstrated a relatively high level of problem analysis and providing of information, but results were mixed in the group’s demonstration of respect, consideration, and mutual comprehension. Network visualizations reveal structural patterns that can be useful in examining equality, influence, and group member roles. The combination of measures has implications for future research in deliberative discussion and virtual teamwork.

[edit] Research questions

"Research Question 1: To what extent are the analytic and social aspects of deliberation evident in the policy-making discussions? Research Question 2: How are the deliberative tendencies of contributors related to the structure of reply relationships in the group conversation?"

Research details

Topics: Deliberative collaboration, Policies and governance [edit item]
Domains: Sociology [edit item]
Theory type: Analysis [edit item]
Wikipedia coverage: Main topic [edit item]
Theories: "Deliberative discussion; online discussion and virtual teams; small group research and online communities; deliberative discussion in Wikipedia" [edit item]
Research design: Statistical analysis [edit item]
Data source: Wikipedia pages [edit item]
Collected data time dimension: Longitudinal [edit item]
Unit of analysis: Edit, User [edit item]
Wikipedia data extraction: Live Wikipedia [edit item]
Wikipedia page type: Policy, Policy:talk [edit item]
Wikipedia language: English [edit item]

[edit] Conclusion

""This research advances group research and deliberative theory by investigating how deliberative discussion happens in a wiki environment. ... Wikipedians’ use of the wiki technology to collaboratively create and edit policies to govern their own community could serve as a model for other online communities and virtual teams. This article provides a baseline description of the deliberativeness of one policy discussion. ... Our use of network analysis in this study demonstrates how visualizations can be used for discovery of patterns and relationships in data that would otherwise be obscured" (p. 625)."

[edit] Comments


Further notes[edit]

Facts about "Self-governance through group discussion in Wikipedia: measuring deliberation in online groups"RDF feed
AbstractVirtual teams and other online groups can Virtual teams and other online groups can find it challenging to establish norms that allow them to effectively balance task and relational aspects of their discussions. Yet, in our reliance on organizational and team theories, small group scholars have overlooked the potential for learning from examples offered by online communities.Theories of deliberation in small groups offer scholars a way to assess such discussion-centered self-governance in online groups.The study operationalizes the conceptual definition of deliberative discussion offered by Gastil and Black (2008) to examine the small group discussions that undergird policy-making processes in a well-established online community, Wikipedia. Content analysis shows that these discussions demonstrated a relatively high level of problem analysis and providing of information, but results were mixed in the group’s demonstration of respect, consideration, and mutual comprehension. Network visualizations reveal structural patterns that can be useful in examining equality, influence, and group member roles. The combination of measures has implications for future research in deliberative discussion and virtual teamwork.iberative discussion and virtual teamwork.
Added by wikilit teamAdded on initial load +
Collected data time dimensionLongitudinal +
Conclusion"This research advances group research and"This research advances group research and deliberative theory by investigating how deliberative discussion happens in a wiki environment. ... Wikipedians’ use of the wiki technology to collaboratively create and edit policies to govern their own community could serve as a model for other online communities and virtual teams. This article provides a baseline description of the deliberativeness of one policy discussion. ... Our use of network analysis in this study demonstrates how visualizations can be used for discovery of patterns and relationships in data that would otherwise be obscured" (p. 625).hat would otherwise be obscured" (p. 625).
Data sourceWikipedia pages +
Google scholar urlhttp://scholar.google.com/scholar?ie=UTF-8&q=%22Self-governance%2Bthrough%2Bgroup%2Bdiscussion%2Bin%2BWikipedia%3A%2Bmeasuring%2Bdeliberation%2Bin%2Bonline%2Bgroups%22 +
Has authorLaura W. Black +, Howard T. Welser +, Daniel Regis Cosley + and Jocelyn M. DeGroot +
Has domainSociology +
Has topicDeliberative collaboration + and Policies and governance +
MonthMay +
Peer reviewedYes +
Publication typeJournal article +
Published inSmall Group Research +
Research designStatistical analysis +
Research questionsResearch Question 1: To what extent are thResearch Question 1: To what extent are the analytic and social aspects of deliberation evident in the policy-making discussions? Research Question 2: How are the deliberative tendencies of contributors related to the structure of reply relationships in the group conversation?y relationships in the group conversation?
Revid10,940 +
TheoriesDeliberative discussion; online discussion and virtual teams; small group research and online communities; deliberative discussion in Wikipedia
Theory typeAnalysis +
TitleSelf-governance through group discussion in Wikipedia: measuring deliberation in online groups
Unit of analysisEdit + and User +
Urlhttp://0-sgr.sagepub.com.mercury.concordia.ca/content/42/5/595.full.pdf%2Bhtml +
Wikipedia coverageMain topic +
Wikipedia data extractionLive Wikipedia +
Wikipedia languageEnglish +
Wikipedia page typePolicy + and Policy:talk +
Year2011 +