Scientific citations in Wikipedia

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Scientific citations in Wikipedia
Authors: Finn Årup Nielsen [edit item]
Citation: First Monday 12 (8): 6. 2007.
Publication type: Journal article
Peer-reviewed: Yes
Database(s):
DOI: Define doi.
Google Scholar cites: Citations
Link(s): Paper link
Added by Wikilit team: Added on initial load
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Scientific citations in Wikipedia is a publication by Finn Årup Nielsen.


[edit] Abstract

The Internet-based encyclopaedia Wikipedia has grown to become one of the most visited Web sites on the Internet, but critics have questioned the quality of entries. An empirical study of Wikipedia found errors in a 2005 sample of science entries. Biased coverage and lack of sources are among the Wikipedia risks." This paper describes a simple assessment of these aspects by examining the outbound links from Wikipedia articles to articles in scientific journals with a comparison against journal statistics from Journal Citation Reports such as impact factors. The results show an increasing use of structured citation markup and good agreement with citation patterns seen in the scientific literature though with a slight tendency to cite articles in high-impact journals such as Nature and Science. These results increase confidence in Wikipedia as a reliable information resource for science in general.

[edit] Research questions

"The Internet–based encyclopædia Wikipedia has grown to become one of the most visited Web sites on the Internet, but critics have questioned the quality of entries. An empirical study of Wikipedia found errors in a 2005 sample of science entries. Biased coverage and lack of sources are among the “Wikipedia risks.” This paper describes a simple assessment of these aspects by examining the outbound links from Wikipedia articles to articles in scientific journals with a comparison against journal statistics from Journal Citation Reports such as impact factors."

Research details

Topics: Reliability [edit item]
Domains: Information systems [edit item]
Theory type: Analysis [edit item]
Wikipedia coverage: Main topic [edit item]
Theories: "Undetermined" [edit item]
Research design: Statistical analysis [edit item]
Data source: Wikipedia pages [edit item]
Collected data time dimension: Cross-sectional [edit item]
Unit of analysis: N/A [edit item]
Wikipedia data extraction: Dump [edit item]
Wikipedia page type: Article [edit item]
Wikipedia language: English [edit item]

[edit] Conclusion

"The results show an increasing use of structured citation markup and good agreement with citation patterns seen in the scientific literature though with a slight tendency to cite articles in high–impact journals such as Nature and Science. These results increase confidence in Wikipedia as a reliable information resource for science in general."

[edit] Comments


Further notes[edit]

"Wikipedia data extraction" was a "clone" (the dump)

"Unit of analysis" is citation which is not listed, so N/A

"Collected data type" is Wikipedia pages (not experiment)

"Research design" is statistical analysis: Journal citations are counted and a statistical test is performed on correlations.

Facts about "Scientific citations in Wikipedia"RDF feed
AbstractThe Internet-based encyclopaedia WikipediaThe Internet-based encyclopaedia Wikipedia has grown to become one of the most visited Web sites on the Internet, but critics have questioned the quality of entries. An empirical study of Wikipedia found errors in a 2005 sample of science entries. Biased coverage and lack of sources are among the Wikipedia risks." This paper describes a simple assessment of these aspects by examining the outbound links from Wikipedia articles to articles in scientific journals with a comparison against journal statistics from Journal Citation Reports such as impact factors. The results show an increasing use of structured citation markup and good agreement with citation patterns seen in the scientific literature though with a slight tendency to cite articles in high-impact journals such as Nature and Science. These results increase confidence in Wikipedia as a reliable information resource for science in general.formation resource for science in general.
Added by wikilit teamAdded on initial load +
Collected data time dimensionCross-sectional +
ConclusionThe results show an increasing use of struThe results show an increasing use of structured citation markup and good agreement with citation patterns seen in the scientific literature though with a slight tendency to cite articles in high–impact journals such as Nature and Science. These results increase confidence in Wikipedia as a reliable information resource for science in general.formation resource for science in general.
Data sourceWikipedia pages +
Google scholar urlhttp://scholar.google.com/scholar?ie=UTF-8&q=%22Scientific%2Bcitations%2Bin%2BWikipedia%22 +
Has authorFinn Årup Nielsen +
Has domainInformation systems +
Has topicReliability +
Issue8 +
Pages6 +
Peer reviewedYes +
Publication typeJournal article +
Published inFirst Monday +
Research designStatistical analysis +
Research questionsThe Internet–based encyclopædia Wikipedia The Internet–based encyclopædia Wikipedia has grown to become one of the most visited Web sites on the Internet, but critics have questioned the quality of entries. An empirical study of Wikipedia found errors in a 2005 sample of science entries. Biased coverage and lack of sources are among the “Wikipedia risks.” This paper describes a simple assessment of these aspects by examining the outbound links from Wikipedia articles to articles in scientific journals with a comparison against journal statistics from Journal Citation Reports such as impact factors.l Citation Reports such as impact factors.
Revid10,935 +
TheoriesUndetermined
Theory typeAnalysis +
TitleScientific citations in Wikipedia
Unit of analysisN/A +
Urlhttp://firstmonday.org/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/1997/1872 +
Volume12 +
Wikipedia coverageMain topic +
Wikipedia data extractionDump +
Wikipedia languageEnglish +
Wikipedia page typeArticle +
Year2007 +