Reliability of Wikipedia as a medication information source for pharmacy students

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Reliability of Wikipedia as a medication information source for pharmacy students
Authors: Stacey M. Lavsa, Shelby L. Corman, Colleen M. Culley, Tara L. Pummer [edit item]
Citation: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning 3 (1): 154--158. 2011 April.
Publication type: Journal article
Peer-reviewed: Yes
Database(s):
DOI: 10.1016/j.cptl.2011.01.007.
Google Scholar cites: Citations
Link(s): Paper link
Added by Wikilit team: Added on initial load
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Reliability of Wikipedia as a medication information source for pharmacy students is a publication by Stacey M. Lavsa, Shelby L. Corman, Colleen M. Culley, Tara L. Pummer.


[edit] Abstract

Objective: To assess the accuracy, completeness, and referencing of medication information in Wikipedia compared with information found in the manufacturer's package insert.

Methods: Wikipedia articles for the 20 most frequently prescribed drugs per published lists of top 200 brand and generic drugs were evaluated. Four drug information residency-trained pharmacists independently assessed the articles for specific categories of information typically found in medication package inserts. Each category was evaluated for presence in the Wikipedia article, accuracy, completeness, and referencing (fully, partially, or none). Package inserts, Micromedex Drugdex Evaluations, Clinical Pharmacology, and Lexi-Comp databases were used to verify accuracy, and completeness was evaluated by comparing article contents to package inserts alone.

Results: Of the 20 categories of information assessed, a mean of twelve (range, 8–16) categories were present in each of the 20 Wikipedia articles. Categories most frequently absent were drug interactions and medication use in breastfeeding. No article contained all categories of information. Information on contraindications and precautions, drug absorption, and adverse drug events was most frequently found to be inaccurate; descriptions of off-label indications, contraindications and precautions, drug interactions, adverse drug events, and dosing were most frequently incomplete. Referencing was poor across all articles, with seven of the 20 articles not supported by any references.

Conclusion: Wikipedia does not provide consistently accurate, complete, and referenced medication information. Pharmacy faculty should actively recommend against our students' use of Wikipedia for medication information and urge them to consult more credible drug information resources.

[edit] Research questions

""the aim of our study was to assess the accuracy and completeness of general drug information in Wikipedia, compared with information found in the manufacturer’s package insert" (pp. 154-155)."

Research details

Topics: Reliability, Domain-specific student readership [edit item]
Domains: Health, Education [edit item]
Theory type: Analysis [edit item]
Wikipedia coverage: Main topic [edit item]
Theories: "Undetermined" [edit item]
Research design: Statistical analysis [edit item]
Data source: Wikipedia pages [edit item]
Collected data time dimension: Cross-sectional [edit item]
Unit of analysis: Article [edit item]
Wikipedia data extraction: Live Wikipedia [edit item]
Wikipedia page type: Article [edit item]
Wikipedia language: Not specified [edit item]

[edit] Conclusion

""Based on our findings, it is concluded that Wikipedia does not provide consistently accurate, complete, and referenced medication information when compared with the manufacturer’s package insert. Hence, it is recommended that pharmacy faculty actively recommend against our students’ use of Wikipedia for medication information and urge them to consult more credible drug information resources.""

[edit] Comments


Further notes[edit]

Facts about "Reliability of Wikipedia as a medication information source for pharmacy students"RDF feed
AbstractObjective: To assess the accuracy, completObjective: To assess the accuracy, completeness, and referencing of medication information in Wikipedia compared with information found in the manufacturer's package insert.

Methods: Wikipedia articles for the 20 most frequently prescribed drugs per published lists of top 200 brand and generic drugs were evaluated. Four drug information residency-trained pharmacists independently assessed the articles for specific categories of information typically found in medication package inserts. Each category was evaluated for presence in the Wikipedia article, accuracy, completeness, and referencing (fully, partially, or none). Package inserts, Micromedex Drugdex Evaluations, Clinical Pharmacology, and Lexi-Comp databases were used to verify accuracy, and completeness was evaluated by comparing article contents to package inserts alone.

Results: Of the 20 categories of information assessed, a mean of twelve (range, 8–16) categories were present in each of the 20 Wikipedia articles. Categories most frequently absent were drug interactions and medication use in breastfeeding. No article contained all categories of information. Information on contraindications and precautions, drug absorption, and adverse drug events was most frequently found to be inaccurate; descriptions of off-label indications, contraindications and precautions, drug interactions, adverse drug events, and dosing were most frequently incomplete. Referencing was poor across all articles, with seven of the 20 articles not supported by any references.

Conclusion: Wikipedia does not provide consistently accurate, complete, and referenced medication information. Pharmacy faculty should actively recommend against our students' use of Wikipedia for medication information and urge them to consult more credible drug information resources.
more credible drug information resources.
Added by wikilit teamAdded on initial load +
Collected data time dimensionCross-sectional +
Conclusion"Based on our findings, it is concluded th"Based on our findings, it is concluded that Wikipedia does not provide consistently accurate, complete, and referenced medication information when compared with the manufacturer’s package insert. Hence, it is recommended that pharmacy faculty actively recommend against our students’ use of Wikipedia for medication information and urge them to consult more credible drug information resources."more credible drug information resources."
Data sourceWikipedia pages +
Doi10.1016/j.cptl.2011.01.007 +
Google scholar urlhttp://scholar.google.com/scholar?ie=UTF-8&q=%22Reliability%2Bof%2BWikipedia%2Bas%2Ba%2Bmedication%2Binformation%2Bsource%2Bfor%2Bpharmacy%2Bstudents%22 +
Has authorStacey M. Lavsa +, Shelby L. Corman +, Colleen M. Culley + and Tara L. Pummer +
Has domainHealth + and Education +
Has topicReliability + and Domain-specific student readership +
Issue1 +
MonthApril +
Pages154--158 +
Peer reviewedYes +
Publication typeJournal article +
Published inCurrents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning +
Research designStatistical analysis +
Research questions"the aim of our study was to assess the accuracy and completeness of general drug information in Wikipedia, compared with information found in the manufacturer’s package insert" (pp. 154-155).
Revid10,926 +
TheoriesUndetermined
Theory typeAnalysis +
TitleReliability of Wikipedia as a medication information source for pharmacy students
Unit of analysisArticle +
Urlhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1877129711000086 +
Volume3 +
Wikipedia coverageMain topic +
Wikipedia data extractionLive Wikipedia +
Wikipedia languageNot specified +
Wikipedia page typeArticle +
Year2011 +