Perceived credibility of Internet encyclopedias

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Perceived credibility of Internet encyclopedias
Authors: Ida Kubiszewski, Thomas Noordewier, Robert Costanza [edit item]
Citation: Computers & Education  : . 2011.
Publication type: Journal article
Peer-reviewed: Yes
Database(s):
DOI: Define doi.
Google Scholar cites: Citations
Link(s): Paper link
Added by Wikilit team: Added on initial load
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Perceived credibility of Internet encyclopedias is a publication by Ida Kubiszewski, Thomas Noordewier, Robert Costanza.


[edit] Abstract

A vast amount of information is now available online, produced by a variety of sources with a range of editorial oversight procedures. These range from very centralized information with multiple layers of review, to no oversight at all. Determining which information is credible can pose a real challenge. An experiment was designed to determine whether certain webpage characteristics affect academics' and students' perception of the credibility of information presented in an online article. The experiment looked at five peripheral cues: (1) presence or absence of an identifiable author, (2) presence or absence of references, (3) presence or absence of a biased sponsor, (4) presence or absence of an award, and (5) whether the article is designated as appearing in Encyclopedia Britannica, Wikipedia, or Encyclopedia of Earth. The results indicate that compared to Encyclopedia Britannica, article information appearing in both Encyclopedia of Earth and Wikipedia is perceived as significantly less credible. They also show that the presence of a biased sponsor has a significant negative effect on perceived credibility.

[edit] Research questions

"An experiment was designed to determine whether certain webpage characteristics affect academics’ and students’ perception of the credibility of information presented in an online article. The experiment looked at five peripheral cues: (1) presence or absence of an identifiable author, (2) presence or absence of references, (3) presence or absence of a biased sponsor, (4) presence or absence of an award, and (5) whether the article is designated as appearing in Encyclopedia Britannica, Wikipedia, or Encyclopedia of Earth."

Research details

Topics: Knowledge source for scholars and librarians, Reader perceptions of credibility, Cross-domain student readership [edit item]
Domains: Library science, Psychology [edit item]
Theory type: Explanation [edit item]
Wikipedia coverage: Case [edit item]
Theories: "In the context of our study, the elaboration likelihood model discusses two methods that can be incorporated into a website to persuade readers that the information is credible. These are a central route and peripheral route (Petty & Cacioppo, 1986). The central route requires users to carefully scrutinize the message and to determine the merits of the arguments. The elaboration likelihood model argues that the central route to persuasion should be utilized if the message recipient is highly motivated (Petty & Cacioppo, 1979) and/or readily able to comprehend the message (Petty et al., 1976). The peripheral route does not require the user to analyze the message or the argument extensively, but often relies on visual characteristics or other cues embedded in the message. The peripheral route may be optimal if elaboration likelihood (i.e., the likelihood of recipient motivation and/or ability) is low.

This research does not test the elaboration likelihood model, per se, but utilizes the idea that peripheral persuasion cues may affect a user’s perception of credibility of an online encyclopedia article. The core proposition states that the perceived credibility of an article’s content may be affected by the environmental characteristics of the message (Petty et al., 1994)." [edit item]

Research design: Experiment [edit item]
Data source: Experiment responses, Survey responses [edit item]
Collected data time dimension: Cross-sectional [edit item]
Unit of analysis: Article [edit item]
Wikipedia data extraction: Live Wikipedia [edit item]
Wikipedia page type: Article [edit item]
Wikipedia language: English [edit item]

[edit] Conclusion

"The results indicate that compared to Encyclopedia Britannica, article information appearing in both Encyclopedia of Earth and Wikipedia is perceived as significantly less credible. The results also indicate that the presence of a biased sponsor has a significant negative effect on perceived credibility."

[edit] Comments


Further notes[edit]

Facts about "Perceived credibility of Internet encyclopedias"RDF feed
AbstractA vast amount of information is now availaA vast amount of information is now available online, produced by a variety of sources with a range of editorial oversight procedures. These range from very centralized information with multiple layers of review, to no oversight at all. Determining which information is credible can pose a real challenge. An experiment was designed to determine whether certain webpage characteristics affect academics' and students' perception of the credibility of information presented in an online article. The experiment looked at five peripheral cues: (1) presence or absence of an identifiable author, (2) presence or absence of references, (3) presence or absence of a biased sponsor, (4) presence or absence of an award, and (5) whether the article is designated as appearing in Encyclopedia Britannica, Wikipedia, or Encyclopedia of Earth. The results indicate that compared to Encyclopedia Britannica, article information appearing in both Encyclopedia of Earth and Wikipedia is perceived as significantly less credible. They also show that the presence of a biased sponsor has a significant negative effect on perceived credibility. negative effect on perceived credibility.
Added by wikilit teamAdded on initial load +
Collected data time dimensionCross-sectional +
ConclusionThe results indicate that compared to EncyThe results indicate that compared to Encyclopedia Britannica, article information appearing in both Encyclopedia of Earth and Wikipedia is perceived as significantly less credible. The results also indicate that the presence of a biased sponsor has a significant negative effect on perceived credibility. negative effect on perceived credibility.
Data sourceExperiment responses + and Survey responses +
Google scholar urlhttp://scholar.google.com/scholar?ie=UTF-8&q=%22Perceived%2Bcredibility%2Bof%2BInternet%2Bencyclopedias%22 +
Has authorIda Kubiszewski +, Thomas Noordewier + and Robert Costanza +
Has domainLibrary science + and Psychology +
Has topicKnowledge source for scholars and librarians +, Reader perceptions of credibility + and Cross-domain student readership +
Peer reviewedYes +
Publication typeJournal article +
Published inComputers & Education +
Research designExperiment +
Research questionsAn experiment was designed to determine whAn experiment was designed to determine whether certain webpage characteristics affect academics’ and students’ perception of the credibility of information presented in an online article. The experiment looked at five peripheral cues: (1) presence or absence of an identifiable author, (2) presence or absence of references, (3) presence or absence of a biased sponsor, (4) presence or absence of an award, and (5) whether the article is designated as appearing in Encyclopedia Britannica, Wikipedia, or Encyclopedia of Earth.nica, Wikipedia, or Encyclopedia of Earth.
Revid10,903 +
TheoriesIn the context of our study, the elaboratiIn the context of our study, the elaboration likelihood model discusses two methods that can be incorporated into a website to persuade readers that the information is credible. These are a central route and peripheral route (Petty & Cacioppo, 1986). The central route requires users to carefully scrutinize the message and to determine the merits of the arguments. The elaboration likelihood model argues that the central route to persuasion should be utilized if the message recipient is highly motivated (Petty & Cacioppo, 1979) and/or readily able to comprehend the message (Petty et al., 1976). The peripheral route does not require the user to analyze the message or the argument extensively, but often relies on visual characteristics or other cues embedded in the message. The peripheral route may be optimal if elaboration likelihood (i.e., the likelihood of recipient motivation and/or ability) is low. This research does not test the elaboration likelihood model, per se, but utilizes the idea that peripheral persuasion cues may affect a user’s perception of credibility of an online encyclopedia article. The core proposition states that the perceived credibility of an article’s content may be affected by the environmental characteristics of the message (Petty et al., 1994).stics of the message (Petty et al., 1994).
Theory typeExplanation +
TitlePerceived credibility of Internet encyclopedias
Unit of analysisArticle +
Urlhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0360131510002939 +
Wikipedia coverageCase +
Wikipedia data extractionLive Wikipedia +
Wikipedia languageEnglish +
Wikipedia page typeArticle +
Year2011 +