Motivations of Wikipedia content contributors

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Motivations of Wikipedia content contributors
Authors: Heng-Li Yang, Cheng-Yu Lai [edit item]
Citation: Computers in Human Behavior 26 (6): 1377-1383. 2010.
Publication type: Journal article
Peer-reviewed: Yes
Database(s):
DOI: 10.1016/j.chb.2010.04.011.
Google Scholar cites: Citations
Link(s): Paper link
Added by Wikilit team: Added on initial load
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Motivations of Wikipedia content contributors is a publication by Heng-Li Yang, Cheng-Yu Lai.


[edit] Abstract

Rapidly developing web technologies have increased the prevalence of user-generated Internet content. Of the many websites with user-generated content on the Internet, one of the most renowned is Wikipedia, which is the largest multilingual free-content encyclopedia written by users collaboratively. Nevertheless, although contributing to Wikipedia takes time and knowledge, contributors are rarely compensated. As a result, there is a need to understand why individuals share their knowledge in Wikipedia. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of both conventional and self concept-based motivation on individual willingness to share knowledge in Wikipedia. After performing an online questionnaire survey, SEM was applied to assess the proposed model and hypotheses. The analytical results showed that internal self-concept motivation is the key motivation for knowledge sharing on Wikipedia.

[edit] Research questions

"The aim of this study was to evaluate how motivation affects individual knowledge sharing behavior in Wikipedia. The primary research issues were the following: whether conventional and self-concept-based motivations adequately explain individual knowledge sharing behavior in Wikipedia, whether individual motivation for sharing differs from that in general virtual communities, and the factors that motivate Wikipedians to contribute knowledge."

Research details

Topics: Contributor motivation [edit item]
Domains: Information systems [edit item]
Theory type: Explanation [edit item]
Wikipedia coverage: Main topic [edit item]
Theories: "Studies of knowledge sharing typically apply motivational theory to interpret individual knowledge-sharing behavior. Many prior studies confirm that motivation has a key role in knowledge sharing intention and behavior ([Bock et al., 2005], [Cabrera et al., 2006], [Constant et al., 1996] and [Hall, 2001]). However, Leonard, Beauvais, and Scholl (1999) argued that conventional motivational theory cannot fully explain the diversity of observed behaviors. Therefore, Leonard et al. (1999) suggested that self-concept-based motivation should be included in the measure of motivation. Thus, both conventional and self-concept-based motivations are adopted and measured in this study to explore their possible effects on individual knowledge-sharing behavior in Wikipedia.

Hypothesis 1. Intrinsic motivation positively affects individual knowledge sharing behavior in Wikipedia. Hypothesis 2. Extrinsic motivation positively affects individual knowledge sharing behavior in Wikipedia. Hypothesis 3 External self-concept motivation positively affects individual knowledge sharing behavior in Wikipedia. Hypothesis 4. Internal self-concept motivation positively affects individual knowledge sharing behavior in Wikipedia.

individuals are motivated to do things that yield positive feedback from a reference group and a feeling of belonging to the group, as suggested by social identity theory (Tajfel, 1981)" [edit item]

Research design: Experiment [edit item]
Data source: Archival records, Experiment responses [edit item]
Collected data time dimension: Cross-sectional [edit item]
Unit of analysis: User [edit item]
Wikipedia data extraction: N/A [edit item]
Wikipedia page type: N/A [edit item]
Wikipedia language: English [edit item]

[edit] Conclusion

"The analytical results implied that, compared to the influence of conventional motivation, self-concept-based motivation has a greater influence on individual knowledge-sharing behavior. Specifically, compared to other motivational sources analyzed in this study, internal self-concept-based motivation is the most important motivation for sharing knowledge in Wikipedia. However, external self-concept motivation is not significantly related to knowledge sharing intention, probably due to the difficulty establishing strong links with reference groups in the real world as well as the lack of social interaction in Wikipedia. Second, due to the relatively limited interaction in Wikipedia as compared to that in the general virtual community, intrinsic motivation also has an insignificant impact on individual willingness to share knowledge in Wikipedia. Nov (2007) indicated that personal enjoyment was the main motivation for knowledge sharing but only considered the ranking of correlation coefficients between motivation and contribution levels. Conversely, after testing the overall model, this study found that, although Wikipedians may initially engage in Wikipedia simply for pleasure, intrinsic motivation is rarely the dominant motivation for knowledge sharing in Wikipedia."

[edit] Comments

"Wikipedia pages (we use a corpus of randomly selected Wikipedia pages) and other corpuses"


Further notes[edit]

Facts about "Motivations of Wikipedia content contributors"RDF feed
AbstractRapidly developing web technologies have iRapidly developing web technologies have increased the prevalence of user-generated Internet content. Of the many websites with user-generated content on the Internet, one of the most renowned is Wikipedia, which is the largest multilingual free-content encyclopedia written by users collaboratively. Nevertheless, although contributing to Wikipedia takes time and knowledge, contributors are rarely compensated. As a result, there is a need to understand why individuals share their knowledge in Wikipedia. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of both conventional and self concept-based motivation on individual willingness to share knowledge in Wikipedia. After performing an online questionnaire survey, SEM was applied to assess the proposed model and hypotheses. The analytical results showed that internal self-concept motivation is the key motivation for knowledge sharing on Wikipedia.vation for knowledge sharing on Wikipedia.
Added by wikilit teamAdded on initial load +
Collected data time dimensionCross-sectional +
CommentsWikipedia pages (we use a corpus of randomly selected Wikipedia pages) and other corpuses
ConclusionThe analytical results implied that, compaThe analytical results implied that, compared to the influence of conventional motivation, self-concept-based motivation has a greater influence on individual knowledge-sharing behavior. Specifically, compared to other motivational sources analyzed in this study, internal self-concept-based motivation is the most important motivation for sharing knowledge in Wikipedia. However, external self-concept motivation is not significantly related to knowledge sharing intention, probably due to the difficulty establishing strong links with reference groups in the real world as well as the lack of social interaction in Wikipedia. Second, due to the relatively limited interaction in Wikipedia as compared to that in the general virtual community, intrinsic motivation also has an insignificant impact on individual willingness to share knowledge in Wikipedia. Nov (2007) indicated that personal enjoyment was the main motivation for knowledge sharing but only considered the ranking of correlation coefficients between motivation and contribution levels. Conversely, after testing the overall model, this study found that, although Wikipedians may initially engage in Wikipedia simply for pleasure, intrinsic motivation is rarely the dominant motivation for knowledge sharing in Wikipedia.vation for knowledge sharing in Wikipedia.
Data sourceArchival records + and Experiment responses +
Doi10.1016/j.chb.2010.04.011 +
Google scholar urlhttp://scholar.google.com/scholar?ie=UTF-8&q=%22Motivations%2Bof%2BWikipedia%2Bcontent%2Bcontributors%22 +
Has authorHeng-Li Yang + and Cheng-Yu Lai +
Has domainInformation systems +
Has topicContributor motivation +
Issue6 +
Pages1377-1383 +
Peer reviewedYes +
Publication typeJournal article +
Published inComputers in Human Behavior +
Research designExperiment +
Research questionsThe aim of this study was to evaluate how The aim of this study was to evaluate how motivation affects

individual knowledge sharing behavior in Wikipedia. The primary research issues were the following: whether conventional and self-concept-based motivations adequately explain individual knowledge sharing behavior in Wikipedia, whether individual motivation for sharing differs from that in general virtual communities,

and the factors that motivate Wikipedians to contribute knowledge.
ivate Wikipedians to contribute knowledge.
Revid10,877 +
TheoriesStudies of knowledge sharing typically appStudies of knowledge sharing typically apply motivational theory to interpret individual knowledge-sharing behavior. Many prior studies confirm that motivation has a key role in knowledge sharing intention and behavior ([Bock et al., 2005], [Cabrera et al., 2006], [Constant et al., 1996] and [Hall, 2001]). However, Leonard, Beauvais, and Scholl (1999) argued that conventional motivational theory cannot fully explain the diversity of observed behaviors. Therefore, Leonard et al. (1999) suggested that self-concept-based motivation should be included in the measure of motivation. Thus, both conventional and self-concept-based motivations are adopted and measured in this study to explore their possible effects on individual knowledge-sharing behavior in Wikipedia.

Hypothesis 1. Intrinsic motivation positively affects individual knowledge sharing behavior in Wikipedia. Hypothesis 2. Extrinsic motivation positively affects individual knowledge sharing behavior in Wikipedia. Hypothesis 3 External self-concept motivation positively affects individual knowledge sharing behavior in Wikipedia. Hypothesis 4. Internal self-concept motivation positively affects individual knowledge sharing behavior in Wikipedia.

individuals are motivated to do things that yield positive feedback from a reference group and a feeling of belonging to the group, as suggested by social identity theory (Tajfel, 1981)
d by social identity theory (Tajfel, 1981)
Theory typeExplanation +
TitleMotivations of Wikipedia content contributors
Unit of analysisUser +
Urlhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2010.04.011 +
Volume26 +
Wikipedia coverageMain topic +
Wikipedia data extractionN/A +
Wikipedia languageEnglish +
Wikipedia page typeN/A +
Year2010 +