Gaming against the greater good

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Gaming against the greater good
Authors: Ryan McGrady [edit item]
Citation: First Monday 14 (2): 10. 2009 February.
Publication type: Journal article
Peer-reviewed: Yes
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Google Scholar cites: Citations
Link(s): Paper link
Added by Wikilit team: Added on initial load
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Gaming against the greater good is a publication by Ryan McGrady.


[edit] Abstract

Wikipedia has grown to be one of the most visited Web sites in the world. Despite its influence on popular culture and the way we think about knowledge production and consumption, the conversation about why and how it works -or whether it's credible at all - is ongoing. This paper began as an examination of what the concept of "authority" means in Wikipedia and what role rhetoric might play in manufacturing this authority. But Wikipedia's editors have functioned well as a community having collaboratively developed a comprehensive set of social norms designed to place the project before any individual. Hence ideas like authority and rhetoric have only marginal roles in day-to-day activities. This paper takes an in-depth look at these norms and how they work paying particular attention to a relatively new guideline that exemplifies the spirit of the Wikipedia community - "Gaming the system".

[edit] Research questions

"Wikipedia has grown to be one of the most visited Web sites in the world. Despite its influence on popular culture and the way we think about knowledge production and consumption, the conversation about why and how it works —or whether it’s credible at all — is ongoing. This paper began as an examination of what the concept of “authority” means in Wikipedia and what role rhetoric might play in manufacturing this authority. But Wikipedia’s editors have functioned well as a community, having collaboratively developed a comprehensive set of social norms designed to place the project before any individual. Hence ideas like authority and rhetoric have only marginal roles in day–to–day activities. This paper takes an in–depth look at these norms and how they work, paying particular attention to a relatively new guideline that exemplifies the spirit of the Wikipedia community — “Gaming the system.”"

Research details

Topics: Community building, Culture and values of Wikipedia [edit item]
Domains: Political science, Sociology [edit item]
Theory type: Analysis [edit item]
Wikipedia coverage: Main topic [edit item]
Theories: "Undetermined" [edit item]
Research design: Conceptual [edit item]
Data source: Interview responses, Wikipedia pages [edit item]
Collected data time dimension: Cross-sectional [edit item]
Unit of analysis: User [edit item]
Wikipedia data extraction: Live Wikipedia [edit item]
Wikipedia page type: Article [edit item]
Wikipedia language: Not specified [edit item]

[edit] Conclusion

"Wikipedia, through an ecology that places its betterment first and foremost, reduces the basis of authority down to neutral editing skills and the ability to state clearly, citing consensus–based policies and guidelines, why something will or will not improve the quality of the project. This effectively quashes the concept of rhetoric not just in obvious terms of article content, but also as a component of discourse. There just isn’t room for arguments that have a net negative effect on Wikipedia. This is why “Gaming the system” does a great job of conveying the spirit of the rules: it doesn’t matter what you read; if you’re not working towards the common good, you are in the wrong.

While some people use the Web to create a “Daily Me” of personalized communications and information, Sunstein notes the emergence of a “Daily Us, a situation in which people can obtain immediate access to information held by all or at least most, and in which each person can instantly add to that knowledge.” [26] It is this us–ness, the consensus–based, continuously tested and revised set of shared social norms based not on the benefit of individual members, but on a greater good, that makes Wikipedia work. As “Gaming the system” both clarifies and exemplifies, these norms are best represented by an underlying spirit and a common goal. The collection of written policy documents are just intended to steer you towards it"

[edit] Comments

"It is this us–ness, the consensus–based, continuously tested and revised set of shared social norms based not on the benefit of individual members, but on a greater good, that makes Wikipedia work."


Further notes[edit]

Facts about "Gaming against the greater good"RDF feed
AbstractWikipedia has grown to be one of the most Wikipedia has grown to be one of the most visited Web sites in the world. Despite its influence on popular culture and the way we think about knowledge production and consumption, the conversation about why and how it works -or whether it's credible at all - is ongoing. This paper began as an examination of what the concept of "authority" means in Wikipedia and what role rhetoric might play in manufacturing this authority. But Wikipedia's editors have functioned well as a community having collaboratively developed a comprehensive set of social norms designed to place the project before any individual. Hence ideas like authority and rhetoric have only marginal roles in day-to-day activities. This paper takes an in-depth look at these norms and how they work paying particular attention to a relatively new guideline that exemplifies the spirit of the Wikipedia community - "Gaming the system".Wikipedia community - "Gaming the system".
Added by wikilit teamAdded on initial load +
Collected data time dimensionCross-sectional +
CommentsIt is this us–ness, the consensus–based, continuously tested and revised set of shared social norms based not on the benefit of individual members, but on a greater good, that makes Wikipedia work.
ConclusionWikipedia, through an ecology that places Wikipedia, through an ecology that places its betterment first and foremost, reduces the basis of authority down to neutral editing skills and the ability to state clearly, citing consensus–based policies and guidelines, why something will or will not improve the quality of the project. This effectively quashes the concept of rhetoric not just in obvious terms of article content, but also as a component of discourse. There just isn’t room for arguments that have a net negative effect on Wikipedia. This is why “Gaming the system” does a great job of conveying the spirit of the rules: it doesn’t matter what you read; if you’re not working towards the common good, you are in the wrong. While some people use the Web to create a “Daily Me” of personalized communications and information, Sunstein notes the emergence of a “Daily Us, a situation in which people can obtain immediate access to information held by all or at least most, and in which each person can instantly add to that knowledge.” [26] It is this us–ness, the consensus–based, continuously tested and revised set of shared social norms based not on the benefit of individual members, but on a greater good, that makes Wikipedia work. As “Gaming the system” both clarifies and exemplifies, these norms are best represented by an underlying spirit and a common goal. The collection of written policy documents are just intended to steer you towards it are just intended to steer you towards it
Data sourceInterview responses + and Wikipedia pages +
Google scholar urlhttp://scholar.google.com/scholar?ie=UTF-8&q=%22Gaming%2Bagainst%2Bthe%2Bgreater%2Bgood%22 +
Has authorRyan McGrady +
Has domainPolitical science + and Sociology +
Has topicCommunity building + and Culture and values of Wikipedia +
Issue2 +
MonthFebruary +
Pages10 +
Peer reviewedYes +
Publication typeJournal article +
Published inFirst Monday +
Research designConceptual +
Research questionsWikipedia has grown to be one of the most Wikipedia has grown to be one of the most visited Web sites in the world. Despite its influence on popular culture and the way we think about knowledge production and consumption, the conversation about why and how it works —or whether it’s credible at all — is ongoing. This paper began as an examination of what the concept of “authority” means in Wikipedia and what role rhetoric might play in manufacturing this authority. But Wikipedia’s editors have functioned well as a community, having collaboratively developed a comprehensive set of social norms designed to place the project before any individual. Hence ideas like authority and rhetoric have only marginal roles in day–to–day activities. This paper takes an in–depth look at these norms and how they work, paying particular attention to a relatively new guideline that exemplifies the spirit of the Wikipedia community — “Gaming the system.”Wikipedia community — “Gaming the system.”
Revid10,785 +
TheoriesUndetermined
Theory typeAnalysis +
TitleGaming against the greater good
Unit of analysisUser +
Urlhttp://firstmonday.org/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/2215/2091 +
Volume14 +
Wikipedia coverageMain topic +
Wikipedia data extractionLive Wikipedia +
Wikipedia languageNot specified +
Wikipedia page typeArticle +
Year2009 +