Digital archives and the turn to design

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Digital archives and the turn to design
Authors: James Peter Purdy [edit item]
Citation: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign  : . 2006. United States - Illinois.
Publication type: Thesis
Peer-reviewed: Yes
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DOI: Define doi.
Google Scholar cites: Citations
Link(s): Paper link
Added by Wikilit team: Added on initial load
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Digital archives and the turn to design is a publication by James Peter Purdy.


[edit] Abstract

Much existing archival work productively examines the contents of archives and their role in historical research; this dissertation offers a fresh perspective on archives by adding to studies of archival texts research on archival technologies. This dissertation argues that digital archives are technologies that shape writing and research practices through their design. Rather than being neutral spaces, they are built on claims about what constitutes appropriate writing and research behaviors in the new media age. In their designs, these technologies situate print as the standard by which to evaluate their effectiveness, illustrating anxiety about the reliability and integrity of the digital. They, moreover, consistently privilege linguistic text, a challenge to embracing multimodality as a frame for composing. While the idea that archives are dynamic spaces is not new, much of the anxiety regarding digital archives continues to be that they do not fix texts---and that singular, stable processes for engaging with them are not knowable. Yet rather than distrust digital archives, I argue for viewing them as spaces that can help us understand composing and researching as dynamic, multimodal processes. The argument proceeds through case studies of three different digital archive technologies: digital document repositories (web sites that store and provide access to archival collections online), wikis (dynamic, collaboratively authored web sites that anyone can add to or change), and plagiarism detection services (web sites that test uploaded papers to determine if they include language copied directly from other sources). Specifically, my primary objects of analysis are {JSTOR} {(Journal} Storage, the Scholarly Journal Archive), Wikipedia, and Turnitin, respectively. Because technologies are both discursive and material constructions, I study the discourse surrounding and the functionality of each technology using a design approach that builds on Gunther Kress' notion of design but extends it beyond the visual to the structural. As increasing numbers of texts take digital form, the problems and promise of digital archives will demand thoughtful responses. The ways in which these spaces are designed will determine the kinds of texts that will be produced and valued in the future.

[edit] Research questions

"Much existing archival work productively examines the contents of archives and their role in historical research; this dissertation offers a fresh perspective on archives by adding to studies of archival texts research on archival technologies. This dissertation argues that digital archives are technologies that shape writing and research practices through their design. Rather than being neutral spaces, they are built on claims about what constitutes appropriate writing and research behaviors in the new media age. In their designs, these technologies situate print as the standard by which to evaluate their effectiveness, illustrating anxiety about the reliability and integrity of the digital. They, moreover, consistently privilege linguistic text, a challenge to embracing multimodality as a frame for composing. While the idea that archives are dynamic spaces is not new, much of the anxiety regarding digital archives continues to be that they do not fix texts---and that singular, stable processes for engaging with them are not knowable. Yet rather than distrust digital archives, I argue for viewing them as spaces that can help us understand composing and researching as dynamic, multimodal processes.

The argument proceeds through case studies of three different digital archive technologies: digital document repositories (web sites that store and provide access to archival collections online), wikis (dynamic, collaboratively authored web sites that anyone can add to or change), and plagiarism detection services (web sites that test uploaded papers to determine if they include language copied directly from other sources). Specifically, my primary objects of analysis are JSTOR (Journal Storage, the Scholarly Journal Archive), Wikipedia, and Turnitin, respectively. Because technologies are both discursive and material constructions, I study the discourse surrounding and the functionality of each technology using a design approach that builds on Gunther Kress' notion of design but extends it beyond the visual to the structural. As increasing numbers of texts take digital form, the problems and promise of digital archives will demand thoughtful responses. The ways in which these spaces are designed will determine the kinds of texts that will be produced and valued in the future."

Research details

Topics: Miscellaneous topics [edit item]
Domains: Information systems, Library science [edit item]
Theory type: Analysis, Design and action [edit item]
Wikipedia coverage: Case [edit item]
Theories: "Undetermined" [edit item]
Research design: Case study [edit item]
Data source: Websites, Wikipedia pages [edit item]
Collected data time dimension: Longitudinal [edit item]
Unit of analysis: Article, Edit, User [edit item]
Wikipedia data extraction: Live Wikipedia [edit item]
Wikipedia page type: Article [edit item]
Wikipedia language: English [edit item]

[edit] Conclusion

[edit] Comments

""In spite of the citation and reliablity challenges…, Wikipedia can offer beneficial scholarly and pedagogical opportunities." p.156 Wikipedia pagesand other websites (JSTOR and Turnitin)"


Further notes[edit]

Facts about "Digital archives and the turn to design"RDF feed
AbstractMuch existing archival work productively eMuch existing archival work productively examines the contents of archives and their role in historical research; this dissertation offers a fresh perspective on archives by adding to studies of archival texts research on archival technologies. This dissertation argues that digital archives are technologies that shape writing and research practices through their design. Rather than being neutral spaces, they are built on claims about what constitutes appropriate writing and research behaviors in the new media age. In their designs, these technologies situate print as the standard by which to evaluate their effectiveness, illustrating anxiety about the reliability and integrity of the digital. They, moreover, consistently privilege linguistic text, a challenge to embracing multimodality as a frame for composing. While the idea that archives are dynamic spaces is not new, much of the anxiety regarding digital archives continues to be that they do not fix texts---and that singular, stable processes for engaging with them are not knowable. Yet rather than distrust digital archives, I argue for viewing them as spaces that can help us understand composing and researching as dynamic, multimodal processes. The argument proceeds through case studies of three different digital archive technologies: digital document repositories (web sites that store and provide access to archival collections online), wikis (dynamic, collaboratively authored web sites that anyone can add to or change), and plagiarism detection services (web sites that test uploaded papers to determine if they include language copied directly from other sources). Specifically, my primary objects of analysis are {JSTOR} {(Journal} Storage, the Scholarly Journal Archive), Wikipedia, and Turnitin, respectively. Because technologies are both discursive and material constructions, I study the discourse surrounding and the functionality of each technology using a design approach that builds on Gunther Kress' notion of design but extends it beyond the visual to the structural. As increasing numbers of texts take digital form, the problems and promise of digital archives will demand thoughtful responses. The ways in which these spaces are designed will determine the kinds of texts that will be produced and valued in the future.will be produced and valued in the future.
Added by wikilit teamAdded on initial load +
Collected data time dimensionLongitudinal +
Comments"In spite of the citation and reliablity challenges…, Wikipedia can offer beneficial scholarly and pedagogical opportunities." p.156 Wikipedia pagesand other websites (JSTOR and Turnitin)
Conference locationUnited States - Illinois +
Data sourceWebsites + and Wikipedia pages +
Google scholar urlhttp://scholar.google.com/scholar?ie=UTF-8&q=%22Digital%2Barchives%2Band%2Bthe%2Bturn%2Bto%2Bdesign%22 +
Has authorJames Peter Purdy +
Has domainInformation systems + and Library science +
Has topicMiscellaneous topics +
Peer reviewedYes +
Publication typeThesis +
Published inUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign +
Research designCase study +
Research questionsMuch existing archival work productively eMuch existing archival work productively examines the contents of archives and their role in historical research; this dissertation offers a fresh perspective on archives by adding to studies of archival texts research on archival technologies. This dissertation argues that digital archives are technologies that shape writing and research practices through their design. Rather than being neutral spaces, they are built on claims about what constitutes appropriate writing and research behaviors in the new media age. In their designs, these technologies situate print as the standard by which to evaluate their effectiveness, illustrating anxiety about the reliability and integrity of the digital. They, moreover, consistently privilege linguistic text, a challenge to embracing multimodality as a frame for composing. While the idea that archives are dynamic spaces is not new, much of the anxiety regarding digital archives continues to be that they do not fix texts---and that singular, stable processes for engaging with them are not knowable. Yet rather than distrust digital archives, I argue for viewing them as spaces that can help us understand composing and researching as dynamic, multimodal processes. The argument proceeds through case studies of three different digital archive technologies: digital document repositories (web sites that store and provide access to archival collections online), wikis (dynamic, collaboratively authored web sites that anyone can add to or change), and plagiarism detection services (web sites that test uploaded papers to determine if they include language copied directly from other sources). Specifically, my primary objects of analysis are JSTOR (Journal Storage, the Scholarly Journal Archive), Wikipedia, and Turnitin, respectively. Because technologies are both discursive and material constructions, I study the discourse surrounding and the functionality of each technology using a design approach that builds on Gunther Kress' notion of design but extends it beyond the visual to the structural. As increasing numbers of texts take digital form, the problems and promise of digital archives will demand thoughtful responses. The ways in which these spaces are designed will determine the kinds of texts that will be produced and valued in the future.will be produced and valued in the future.
Revid10,734 +
TheoriesUndetermined
Theory typeAnalysis + and Design and action +
TitleDigital archives and the turn to design
Unit of analysisArticle +, Edit + and User +
Urlhttp://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1253507701&Fmt=7&clientId=10306&RQT=309&VName=PQD +
Wikipedia coverageCase +
Wikipedia data extractionLive Wikipedia +
Wikipedia languageEnglish +
Wikipedia page typeArticle +
Year2006 +