Cooperation and quality in Wikipedia

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Cooperation and quality in Wikipedia
Authors: Dennis M. Wilkinson, Bernardo A. Huberman [edit item]
Citation: WikiSym '07 Proceedings of the 2007 international symposium on Wikis  : 157-164. 2007 October 21-25. Montreal, QC, Canada. Association for Computing Machinery.
Publication type: Conference paper
Peer-reviewed: Yes
Database(s):
DOI: 10.1145/1296951.1296968.
Google Scholar cites: Citations
Link(s): Paper link
Added by Wikilit team: Added on initial load
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Cooperation and quality in Wikipedia is a publication by Dennis M. Wilkinson, Bernardo A. Huberman.


[edit] Abstract

The rise of the Internet has enabled collaboration and cooperation on anunprecedentedly large scale. The online encyclopedia Wikipedia, which presently comprises 7.2 million articles created by 7.04 million distinct editors, provides a consummate example. We examined all 50 million edits made tothe 1.5 million English-language Wikipedia articles and found that the high-quality articles are distinguished by a marked increase in number of edits, number of editors, and intensity of cooperative behavior, as compared to other articles of similar visibility and age. This is significant because in other domains, fruitful cooperation has proven to be difficult to sustain as the size of the collaboration increases. Furthermore, in spite of the vagaries of human behavior, we show that Wikipedia articles accrete edits according to a simple stochastic mechanism in which edits beget edits. Topics of high interest or relevance are thus naturally brought to the forefront of quality.

[edit] Research questions

"The rise of the Internet has enabled collaboration and cooperation on an unprecedentedly large scale. The online encyclopedia Wikipedia, which presently comprises 7.2 million articles created by 7.04 million distinct editors, provides a consummate example. We examined all 50 million edits made to the 1.5 million English-languageWikipedia articles and found that the high-quality articles are distinguished by a marked increase in number of edits, number of editors, and intensity of cooperative behavior, as compared to other articles of similar visibility and age."

Research details

Topics: Featured articles, Other collaboration topics [edit item]
Domains: Information systems [edit item]
Theory type: Analysis [edit item]
Wikipedia coverage: Main topic [edit item]
Theories: "Undetermined" [edit item]
Research design: Statistical analysis [edit item]
Data source: Wikipedia pages [edit item]
Collected data time dimension: Longitudinal [edit item]
Unit of analysis: Edit [edit item]
Wikipedia data extraction: Dump [edit item]
Wikipedia page type: Article [edit item]
Wikipedia language: English [edit item]

[edit] Conclusion

"We have shown that the high-quality articles in Wikipedia are distinguished from the rest by a larger number of edits and distinct editors, having carefully controlled for article visibility, popularity, and age. Furthermore, we demonstrated more intense patterns of cooperation in the high-quality articles than in other articles. These findings are in contrast to observations of cooperative efforts in other domains where result quality does not necessarily increase with the number of collaborators. While we did not explore the question of how Wikipedia succeeds where other large collaborative ventures fail, possible reasons include the efficiency of the wiki interface, the Wikipedia community’s strong emphasis on coordination and organization [32], and details of the processes and policies used to facilitate cooperation [23]. Additionally, we have have shown that althoughWikipedia is a complex system in which of millions of individually unpredictable editors collaborate in an unscheduled and virtually uncontrolled fashion, article growth follows a very simple overall pattern on average. This pattern implies that a small number of articles, corresponding to topics of high relevance or visibility, accrete a disproportionately large number of edits, while the vast majority of articles experience far less activity. Subjects of particular importance or popularity are thus naturally brought to the forefront of quality, validating Wikipedia as a successful collaborative effort."

[edit] Comments

""We have shown that the high-quality articles in Wikipedia are distinguished from the rest by a larger number of edits and distinct editors, having carefully controlled for article visibility, popularity, and age." p.162"


Further notes[edit]

This publication is the conference version of the journal artice Assessing the value of cooperation in Wikipedia

Facts about "Cooperation and quality in Wikipedia"RDF feed
AbstractThe rise of the Internet has enabled collaThe rise of the Internet has enabled collaboration and cooperation on anunprecedentedly large scale. The online encyclopedia Wikipedia, which presently comprises 7.2 million articles created by 7.04 million distinct editors, provides a consummate example. We examined all 50 million edits made tothe 1.5 million English-language Wikipedia articles and found that the high-quality articles are distinguished by a marked increase in number of edits, number of editors, and intensity of cooperative behavior, as compared to other articles of similar visibility and age. This is significant because in other domains, fruitful cooperation has proven to be difficult to sustain as the size of the collaboration increases. Furthermore, in spite of the vagaries of human behavior, we show that Wikipedia articles accrete edits according to a simple stochastic mechanism in which edits beget edits. Topics of high interest or relevance are thus naturally brought to the forefront of quality.rally brought to the forefront of quality.
Added by wikilit teamAdded on initial load +
Collected data time dimensionLongitudinal +
Comments"We have shown that the high-quality articles in Wikipedia

are distinguished from the rest by a larger number of edits and distinct editors, having carefully controlled

for article visibility, popularity, and age." p.162
ConclusionWe have shown that the high-quality articlWe have shown that the high-quality articles in Wikipedia

are distinguished from the rest by a larger number of edits and distinct editors, having carefully controlled for article visibility, popularity, and age. Furthermore, we demonstrated more intense patterns of cooperation in the high-quality articles than in other articles. These findings are in contrast to observations of cooperative efforts in other domains where result quality does not necessarily increase with the number of collaborators. While we did not explore the question of how Wikipedia succeeds where other large collaborative ventures fail, possible reasons include the efficiency of the wiki interface, the Wikipedia community’s strong emphasis on coordination and organization [32], and details of the processes and policies used to facilitate cooperation [23]. Additionally, we have have shown that althoughWikipedia is a complex system in which of millions of individually unpredictable editors collaborate in an unscheduled and virtually uncontrolled fashion, article growth follows a very simple overall pattern on average. This pattern implies that a small number of articles, corresponding to topics of high relevance or visibility, accrete a disproportionately large number of edits, while the vast majority of articles experience far less activity. Subjects of particular importance or popularity are thus naturally brought to the forefront of quality, validating Wikipedia as a successful collaborative effort.edia as a successful collaborative

effort.
Conference locationMontreal, QC, Canada +
Data sourceWikipedia pages +
Dates21-25 +
Doi10.1145/1296951.1296968 +
Google scholar urlhttp://scholar.google.com/scholar?ie=UTF-8&q=%22Cooperation%2Band%2Bquality%2Bin%2BWikipedia%22 +
Has authorDennis M. Wilkinson + and Bernardo A. Huberman +
Has domainInformation systems +
Has topicFeatured articles + and Other collaboration topics +
MonthOctober +
Pages157-164 +
Peer reviewedYes +
Publication typeConference paper +
Published inWikiSym '07 Proceedings of the 2007 international symposium on Wikis +
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery +
Research designStatistical analysis +
Research questionsThe rise of the Internet has enabled collaThe rise of the Internet has enabled collaboration and

cooperation on an unprecedentedly large scale. The online encyclopedia Wikipedia, which presently comprises 7.2 million articles created by 7.04 million distinct editors, provides a consummate example. We examined all 50 million edits made to the 1.5 million English-languageWikipedia articles and found that the high-quality articles are distinguished by a marked increase in number of edits, number of editors, and intensity of cooperative behavior, as compared to other articles of similar visibility and age.er articles

of similar visibility and age.
Revid10,716 +
TheoriesUndetermined
Theory typeAnalysis +
TitleCooperation and quality in Wikipedia
Unit of analysisEdit +
Urlhttp://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=1296968 +
Wikipedia coverageMain topic +
Wikipedia data extractionDump +
Wikipedia languageEnglish +
Wikipedia page typeArticle +
Year2007 +