Biographical social networks on Wikipedia - a cross-cultural study of links that made history
|Biographical Social Networks on Wikipedia - A cross-cultural study of links that made history|
|Authors:||Pablo Aragón, Andreas Kaltenbrunner, David Laniado, Yana Volkovich|
|Citation:||WikiSym : . 2012 August. Linz, Austria. ACM.|
|Publication type:||Conference paper|
|Google Scholar cites:||Citations|
|Added by Wikilit team:||No but verified|
|Article:||Google Scholar BASE PubMed|
|Other scholarly wikis:||AcaWiki Brede Wiki WikiPapers|
|Web search:||Bing Google Yahoo! — Google PDF|
It is arguable whether history is made by great men and women or vice versa, but undoubtably social connections shape history. Analysing Wikipedia, a global collective memory place, we aim to understand how social links are recorded across cultures. Starting with the set of biographies in the English Wikipedia we focus on the networks of links between these biographical articles on the 15 largest language Wikipedias. We detect the most central characters in these networks and point out culture-related peculiarities. Furthermore, we reveal remarkable similarities between distinct groups of language Wikipedias and highlight the shared knowledge about connections between persons across cultures.
"How are social links recorded across cultures?"
|Topics:||Other content topics|
|Domains:||Computer science, Information systems|
|Wikipedia coverage:||Main topic|
|Research design:||Content analysis, Mathematical modeling, Statistical analysis|
|Data source:||Wikipedia pages|
|Collected data time dimension:||Cross-sectional|
|Unit of analysis:||Article, Language|
|Wikipedia data extraction:||Live Wikipedia|
|Wikipedia page type:||Article|
"...biographical connections are recorded differently in the distinct language versions of Wikipedia."
Aragon et al. (2012) analyzed the biographical pages of Wikipedia across 15 language versions. With network analysis of wikilinks they found American presidents central on the English Wikipedia. Comparing betweenness centrality across language versions showed overlaps among the top five most central persons with American Presidents as well as singers and World War II figures often in the top five. However, cross-cultural differences also existed, e.g., with Chinese leaders central in the Chinese Wikipedia, Latin American revolutionaries central in the Spanish and Catalan Wikipedias, and Pope John Paul II central in the Polish and Italian Wikipedia. A gender gap existed as only three women appeared among the top five central persons across the 15 languages: Elizabeth II, Marilyn Monroe and Margaret Thatcher.