Autopoiesis in virtual organizations

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Autopoiesis in virtual organizations
Authors: Małgorzata Pańkowska [edit item]
Citation: Informatica Economica 12 (1): 33-9. 2008.
Publication type: Journal article
Peer-reviewed: Yes
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Link(s): Paper link
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Autopoiesis in virtual organizations is a publication by Małgorzata Pańkowska.


[edit] Abstract

Virtual organizations continuously gain popularity because of the benefits created by them. Generally, they are defined as temporal adhocracies, project oriented, knowledge-based network organizations. The goal of this paper is to present the hypothesis that knowledge system developed by virtual organization is an autopoietic system. The term autopoiesis" was introduced by Maturana for self-productive systems. In this paper Wikipedia is described as an example of an autopoietic system. The first part of the paper covers discussion on virtual organizations. Next autopoiesis' interpretations are delivered and the value of autopoiesis for governance of virtual organizations is presented. The last parts of the work comprise short presentation of Wikipedia its principles and conclusions of Wikipedia as an autopoietic system.

[edit] Research questions

"The goal of this paper is to present the hypothesis that knowledge system developed by virtual organization is an autopoietic system. The term “autopoiesis” was introduced by Maturana for self-productive systems. In this paper, Wikipedia is described as an example of an autopoietic system."

Research details

Topics: Wikipedia as a system [edit item]
Domains: Economics [edit item]
Theory type: Analysis [edit item]
Wikipedia coverage: Case [edit item]
Theories: "Theoretical foundations of virtual organizations

cover: - Transaction Cost Theory, which is valuable in order to understand the extremes of market (which makes sense in case of low insecurity, low transaction-specific investment and low frequency) and hierarchy (justifiable whenever insecurities and transaction specific investments are very high) and their mutual failure which leads to the development of hybrid forms – such as virtual organizations – in order to optimize production and transaction costs [Thorelli, 1986, Williamson, 1975]. - Resource Dependence Theory, which is based on the assumption that a single organization can usually not have all necessary resources at its disposal. In that framework, organizations try to minimize their own dependencies, while maximizing those of others.

Similarly to Resources Dependence Theory, one unit has to get resources from other units in order to achieve its own goals. Participants of virtual organization need to trust each other; otherwise the organization would not develop [Eschenbaecher, Ellmann 2004].

Self-organization refers to a theory of social underpinning derived from the unstable environment in which the information system will be developed." [edit item]

Research design: Case study [edit item]
Data source: N/A [edit item]
Collected data time dimension: N/A [edit item]
Unit of analysis: Website [edit item]
Wikipedia data extraction: N/A [edit item]
Wikipedia page type: N/A [edit item]
Wikipedia language: Not specified [edit item]

[edit] Conclusion

"The concept of organizational autopoiesis can help managers to understand the operations of their organizations better. Information systems in organization seem to accept the autopoietic system way of development. Wikipedia is a unique example of knowledge system which ensures users content self-production and autoreferences in an organized way. Simultaneously, many similar autopoietic systems can be identified in open source software development areas. Software applications developed there are recognized as autopoietic systems as well as Web 2.0 information systems belonging to the second generation of virtual communities. Taking into account characteristics of an autopoietic system specified above, they are considered as developed to facilitate collaboration and information sharing among users. They do not refer to the updating Web technologies, but rather to changes in usage of Web platform. End users have the opportunity to create open information systems i.e. ufopaedia.org, craigslist, dodge ball. Their infoproducts are applied for the creation of subsequent infoproducts in an ordered way. Wikipedia is an excellent, the best known example of a closed network of productions of components (i.e. portions of knowledge) that through their relations constitute the network of production that produce them and specify its extension by constituting its boundaries in their domain of existence. While the notion of autopoiesis was invented specifically for the context of the cellular domain and does not translate readily to the domains of the social or the psychological, any system, biological or informational can be analysed in the more generalizable terms of organization and structure. The structure of a system is defined as the concrete components and the actual relations that exist between them which realize the system as a particular composite unity."

[edit] Comments


Further notes[edit]

Facts about "Autopoiesis in virtual organizations"RDF feed
AbstractVirtual organizations continuously gain poVirtual organizations continuously gain popularity because of the benefits created by them. Generally, they are defined as temporal adhocracies, project oriented, knowledge-based network organizations. The goal of this paper is to present the hypothesis that knowledge system developed by virtual organization is an autopoietic system. The term autopoiesis" was introduced by Maturana for self-productive systems. In this paper Wikipedia is described as an example of an autopoietic system. The first part of the paper covers discussion on virtual organizations. Next autopoiesis' interpretations are delivered and the value of autopoiesis for governance of virtual organizations is presented. The last parts of the work comprise short presentation of Wikipedia its principles and conclusions of Wikipedia as an autopoietic system.ons of Wikipedia as an autopoietic system.
Added by wikilit teamAdded on initial load +
Collected data time dimensionN/A +
ConclusionThe concept of organizational autopoiesis The concept of organizational autopoiesis can help managers to understand the operations of

their organizations better. Information systems in organization seem to accept the autopoietic system way of development. Wikipedia is a unique example of knowledge system which ensures users content self-production and autoreferences in an organized way. Simultaneously, many similar autopoietic systems can be identified in open source software development areas. Software applications developed there are recognized as autopoietic systems as well as Web 2.0 information systems belonging to the second generation of virtual communities. Taking into account characteristics of an autopoietic system specified above, they are considered as developed to facilitate collaboration and information sharing among users. They do not refer to the updating Web technologies, but rather to changes in usage of Web platform. End users have the opportunity to create open information systems i.e. ufopaedia.org, craigslist, dodge ball. Their infoproducts are applied for the creation of subsequent infoproducts in an ordered way. Wikipedia is an excellent, the best known example of a closed network of productions of components (i.e. portions of knowledge) that through their relations constitute the network of production that produce them and specify its extension by constituting its boundaries in their domain of existence. While the notion of autopoiesis was invented specifically for the context of the cellular domain and does not translate readily to the domains of the social or the psychological, any system, biological or informational can be analysed in the more generalizable terms of organization and structure. The structure of a system is defined as the concrete components and the actual relations that exist between

them which realize the system as a particular composite unity.
he system as a particular composite unity.
Data sourceN/A +
Google scholar urlhttp://scholar.google.com/scholar?ie=UTF-8&q=%22Autopoiesis%2Bin%2Bvirtual%2Borganizations%22 +
Has authorMałgorzata Pańkowska +
Has domainEconomics +
Has topicWikipedia as a system +
Issue1 +
Pages33-9 +
Peer reviewedYes +
Publication typeJournal article +
Published inInformatica Economica +
Research designCase study +
Research questionsThe goal of this paper is to present the hThe goal of this paper is to present the hypothesis that knowledge system developed

by virtual organization is an autopoietic system. The term “autopoiesis” was introduced by Maturana for self-productive systems. In this paper, Wikipedia is described as an example of an autopoietic system.ed as an example of an autopoietic

system.
Revid10,677 +
TheoriesTheoretical foundations of virtual organizTheoretical foundations of virtual organizations

cover: - Transaction Cost Theory, which is valuable in order to understand the extremes of market (which makes sense in case of low insecurity, low transaction-specific investment and low frequency) and hierarchy (justifiable whenever insecurities and transaction specific investments are very high) and their mutual failure which leads to the development of hybrid forms – such as virtual organizations – in order to optimize production and transaction costs [Thorelli, 1986, Williamson, 1975]. - Resource Dependence Theory, which is based on the assumption that a single organization can usually not have all necessary resources at its disposal. In that framework, organizations try to minimize their own dependencies, while maximizing those of others.

Similarly to Resources Dependence Theory, one unit has to get resources from other units in order to achieve its own goals. Participants of virtual organization need to trust each other; otherwise the organization would not develop [Eschenbaecher, Ellmann 2004].

Self-organization refers to a theory of social underpinning derived from the unstable

environment in which the information system will be developed.
the information system will be developed.
Theory typeAnalysis +
TitleAutopoiesis in virtual organizations
Unit of analysisWebsite +
Urlhttp://ideas.repec.org/a/aes/infoec/vxiiy2008i1p33-39.html +
Volume12 +
Wikipedia coverageCase +
Wikipedia data extractionN/A +
Wikipedia languageNot specified +
Wikipedia page typeN/A +
Year2008 +