|Wikipedia and the emergence of dialogic expertise|
|Authors:||E. Johanna Hartelius|
|Citation:||Southern Communication Journal 75 (5): 505-526. 2010 November 20.|
|Publication type:||Journal article|
|Google Scholar cites:||Citations|
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|Other scholarly wikis:||AcaWiki Brede Wiki WikiPapers|
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Wikipedia's popularity as an online encyclopedia calls attention to fundamental assumptions about the management and dissemination of information. Drawing on a Bakhtinian framework, this article posits a model of dialogic expertise. Specifically, it argues that, by facilitating an ongoing chain of interdependent and multivocal “utterances,” Wikipedia challenges traditional “monologic” expertise. Nonetheless, the site's purportedly democratic defiance of knowledge elites (of encyclopedic publishing, academe, etc.) is compromised by the establishment of a “technocratic” hierarchy. Implications extend to the scholarly debate surrounding dialogue and rhetoric and to our understanding of Wikipedia's success in the context of a cultural anxiety—Americans are at once dependent on an extensive system of experts and uneasy about the deferential distribution of power within that system.
"In this article, I posit Wikipedia as a model of dialogic expertise. Drawing on a Bakhtinian framework, I argue that, by facilitating an ongoing chain of interdependent and multivocal “utterances,” the site challenges traditional “monologic” expertise."
|Wikipedia coverage:||Main topic|
|Research design:||Discourse analysis, Historical analysis|
|Collected data time dimension:||N/A|
|Unit of analysis:||N/A|
|Wikipedia data extraction:||N/A|
|Wikipedia page type:||N/A|
"Seen through a Bakhtinian lens, anxiety is a reaction to a shift wherein what used to be self-evidently monologic, viz., encyclopedias, becomes dialogic. As I demonstrate in this article, Wikipedia warrants attention not because it might divert people to trivial things but because it forces scholars to reexamine fundamental assumptions and accepted symbolic orders."