Last modified on January 30, 2014, at 20:32

Wikipedia and the emergence of dialogic expertise

Publication (help)
Wikipedia and the emergence of dialogic expertise
Authors: E. Johanna Hartelius [edit item]
Citation: Southern Communication Journal 75 (5): 505-526. 2010 November 20.
Publication type: Journal article
Peer-reviewed: Yes
Database(s):
DOI: 10.1080/10417940903377169.
Google Scholar cites: Citations
Link(s): Paper link
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Wikipedia and the emergence of dialogic expertise is a publication by E. Johanna Hartelius.


[edit] Abstract

Wikipedia's popularity as an online encyclopedia calls attention to fundamental assumptions about the management and dissemination of information. Drawing on a Bakhtinian framework, this article posits a model of dialogic expertise. Specifically, it argues that, by facilitating an ongoing chain of interdependent and multivocal “utterances,” Wikipedia challenges traditional “monologic” expertise. Nonetheless, the site's purportedly democratic defiance of knowledge elites (of encyclopedic publishing, academe, etc.) is compromised by the establishment of a “technocratic” hierarchy. Implications extend to the scholarly debate surrounding dialogue and rhetoric and to our understanding of Wikipedia's success in the context of a cultural anxiety—Americans are at once dependent on an extensive system of experts and uneasy about the deferential distribution of power within that system.

[edit] Research questions

"In this article, I posit Wikipedia as a model of dialogic expertise. Drawing on a Bakhtinian framework, I argue that, by facilitating an ongoing chain of interdependent and multivocal “utterances,” the site challenges traditional “monologic” expertise."

Research details

Topics: Epistemology [edit item]
Domains: Rhetoric, Communications [edit item]
Theory type: Analysis [edit item]
Wikipedia coverage: Main topic [edit item]
Theories: "Bakhtinian framework" [edit item]
Research design: Discourse analysis, Historical analysis [edit item]
Data source: N/A [edit item]
Collected data time dimension: N/A [edit item]
Unit of analysis: N/A [edit item]
Wikipedia data extraction: N/A [edit item]
Wikipedia page type: N/A [edit item]
Wikipedia language: N/A [edit item]

[edit] Conclusion

"Seen through a Bakhtinian lens, anxiety is a reaction to a shift wherein what used to be self-evidently monologic, viz., encyclopedias, becomes dialogic. As I demonstrate in this article, Wikipedia warrants attention not because it might divert people to trivial things but because it forces scholars to reexamine fundamental assumptions and accepted symbolic orders."

[edit] Comments


Further notes[edit]