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Quantitative data and graphics on lexical specificity and index of readability: the case of Wikipedia
Abstract This paper is part of a wider corpus basedThis paper is part of a wider corpus based study focused on Web encyclopedias (Elia 2008). It is built on and extends the comparative analysis of Emigh and Herring (2005). In particular, attention is focused on the English edition of Wikipedia. A quantitative analysis compares Wikipedia vs. Britannica encyclopedic entries. Linguistic features such as type/token ratio, word and sentence length, and Index of Readability are analyzed. The findings show to what extent collaboratively produced Wikipedia entries are readable and standardized in a way not very dissimilar from those produced by experts in the Encyclopaedia Britannica Online.ts in the Encyclopaedia Britannica Online.
Added by wikilit team Yes  +
Collected data time dimension Cross-sectional  +
Conclusion This paper is built on and extends the comThis paper is built on and extends the comparative analysis of Emigh and Herring (2005) leading further empirical support to their earlier findings which showed that Wikipedia is not statistically distinguishable from Columbia Encyclopedia in some features. Thus the results from this study seem to support and confirm their conclusion in terms of the different linguistic features measured and according to a different object of comparison: Britanica Online.It shows that the maturity of their style (Wikipedians), at least from the quantitative point of view, is not dissimilar from that of online proprietary encyclopedias. that of online proprietary encyclopedias.
Data source Experiment responses  + , Wikipedia pages  +
Google scholar url http://scholar.google.com/scholar?ie=UTF-8&q=%22Quantitative%2Bdata%2Band%2Bgraphics%2Bon%2Blexical%2Bspecificity%2Band%2Bindex%2Bof%2Breadability%3A%2Bthe%2Bcase%2Bof%2BWikipedia%22  +
Has author Antonella Elia +
Has domain Information science +
Has topic Readability and style +
Issue 8  +
Month December  +
Pages 248-271  +
Peer reviewed Yes  +
Publication type Journal article  +
Published in RaeL: Revista Electronica de Linguistica Aplicada +
Research design Experiment  +
Research questions In particular, attention is focused on theIn particular, attention is focused on the English edition of Wikipedia. A quantitative analysis compares Wikipedia vs. Britanica encyclopedic entries. Linguistic featuressuch as type/token ratio, word and sentence length, and Index of Reliability are analyzed. The findings show to what extent collaboratively produced Wikipedia entries are reliable and standardized in a way not very dissimilar from those produced by experts in the Encyclopedia Britanica Online. Research Questions: 1. To what extent are lexical density, word length and sentence length similar or different in two online encyclopedias? 2. Is Index of Reliability, as a quantifiable parameter, equal or divergent in Britanica and Wikipedia? And if so, to what extent does it differ? 3. Do the different authoring processes affect the style of the encyclopedic genre, as examplified in Wikipedia and Britanica Online, in terms of lexical specificity and readability?ms of lexical specificity and readability?
Revid 10,917  +
Theories Since the linguistic investigation is mainSince the linguistic investigation is mainly frequency based, the count of occurances was standardized to make the quantitative findings comparable. Standardization of frequency count was made following Biber's theory (1998:263), which demonstrates that raw frequency counts are not directly comparable when textual units have different lengths.when textual units have different lengths.
Theory type Analysis  +
Title Quantitative data and graphics on lexical specificity and index of readability: the case of Wikipedia
Unit of analysis Website  +
Wikipedia coverage Main topic  +
Wikipedia data extraction Live Wikipedia  +
Wikipedia language English  +
Wikipedia page type Article  +
Year 2009  +
Creation dateThis property is a special property in this wiki. 15 March 2012 20:30:00  +
Categories Readability and style  + , Information science  + , Publications with missing comments  + , Publications  +
Modification dateThis property is a special property in this wiki. 30 January 2014 20:30:31  +
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