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Digital archives and the turn to design
Abstract Much existing archival work productively eMuch existing archival work productively examines the contents of archives and their role in historical research; this dissertation offers a fresh perspective on archives by adding to studies of archival texts research on archival technologies. This dissertation argues that digital archives are technologies that shape writing and research practices through their design. Rather than being neutral spaces, they are built on claims about what constitutes appropriate writing and research behaviors in the new media age. In their designs, these technologies situate print as the standard by which to evaluate their effectiveness, illustrating anxiety about the reliability and integrity of the digital. They, moreover, consistently privilege linguistic text, a challenge to embracing multimodality as a frame for composing. While the idea that archives are dynamic spaces is not new, much of the anxiety regarding digital archives continues to be that they do not fix texts---and that singular, stable processes for engaging with them are not knowable. Yet rather than distrust digital archives, I argue for viewing them as spaces that can help us understand composing and researching as dynamic, multimodal processes. The argument proceeds through case studies of three different digital archive technologies: digital document repositories (web sites that store and provide access to archival collections online), wikis (dynamic, collaboratively authored web sites that anyone can add to or change), and plagiarism detection services (web sites that test uploaded papers to determine if they include language copied directly from other sources). Specifically, my primary objects of analysis are {JSTOR} {(Journal} Storage, the Scholarly Journal Archive), Wikipedia, and Turnitin, respectively. Because technologies are both discursive and material constructions, I study the discourse surrounding and the functionality of each technology using a design approach that builds on Gunther Kress' notion of design but extends it beyond the visual to the structural. As increasing numbers of texts take digital form, the problems and promise of digital archives will demand thoughtful responses. The ways in which these spaces are designed will determine the kinds of texts that will be produced and valued in the future.will be produced and valued in the future.
Added by wikilit team Added on initial load  +
Collected data time dimension Longitudinal  +
Comments "In spite of the citation and reliablity challenges…, Wikipedia can offer beneficial scholarly and pedagogical opportunities." p.156 Wikipedia pagesand other websites (JSTOR and Turnitin)
Conference location United States - Illinois +
Data source Websites  + , Wikipedia pages  +
Google scholar url http://scholar.google.com/scholar?ie=UTF-8&q=%22Digital%2Barchives%2Band%2Bthe%2Bturn%2Bto%2Bdesign%22  +
Has author James Peter Purdy +
Has domain Information systems + , Library science +
Has topic Miscellaneous topics +
Peer reviewed Yes  +
Publication type Thesis  +
Published in University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign +
Research design Case study  +
Research questions Much existing archival work productively eMuch existing archival work productively examines the contents of archives and their role in historical research; this dissertation offers a fresh perspective on archives by adding to studies of archival texts research on archival technologies. This dissertation argues that digital archives are technologies that shape writing and research practices through their design. Rather than being neutral spaces, they are built on claims about what constitutes appropriate writing and research behaviors in the new media age. In their designs, these technologies situate print as the standard by which to evaluate their effectiveness, illustrating anxiety about the reliability and integrity of the digital. They, moreover, consistently privilege linguistic text, a challenge to embracing multimodality as a frame for composing. While the idea that archives are dynamic spaces is not new, much of the anxiety regarding digital archives continues to be that they do not fix texts---and that singular, stable processes for engaging with them are not knowable. Yet rather than distrust digital archives, I argue for viewing them as spaces that can help us understand composing and researching as dynamic, multimodal processes. The argument proceeds through case studies of three different digital archive technologies: digital document repositories (web sites that store and provide access to archival collections online), wikis (dynamic, collaboratively authored web sites that anyone can add to or change), and plagiarism detection services (web sites that test uploaded papers to determine if they include language copied directly from other sources). Specifically, my primary objects of analysis are JSTOR (Journal Storage, the Scholarly Journal Archive), Wikipedia, and Turnitin, respectively. Because technologies are both discursive and material constructions, I study the discourse surrounding and the functionality of each technology using a design approach that builds on Gunther Kress' notion of design but extends it beyond the visual to the structural. As increasing numbers of texts take digital form, the problems and promise of digital archives will demand thoughtful responses. The ways in which these spaces are designed will determine the kinds of texts that will be produced and valued in the future.will be produced and valued in the future.
Revid 10,734  +
Theories Undetermined
Theory type Analysis  + , Design and action  +
Title Digital archives and the turn to design
Unit of analysis Article  + , Edit  + , User  +
Url http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1253507701&Fmt=7&clientId=10306&RQT=309&VName=PQD  +
Wikipedia coverage Case  +
Wikipedia data extraction Live Wikipedia  +
Wikipedia language English  +
Wikipedia page type Article  +
Year 2006  +
Creation dateThis property is a special property in this wiki. 15 March 2012 20:25:41  +
Categories Miscellaneous topics  + , Information systems  + , Library science  + , Publications with missing conclusion  + , Publications  +
Modification dateThis property is a special property in this wiki. 30 January 2014 20:23:16  +
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