Researching Wikipedia - current approaches and new directions

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Researching wikipedia - current approaches and new directions
Authors: Phoebe Ayers [edit item]
Citation: Proceedings of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 43 (1): 1-14. 2006 November 3-9. Austin, Texas, USA. American Society for Information Science and Technology.
Publication type: Conference paper
Peer-reviewed: Yes
Database(s):
DOI: 10.1002/meet.14504301252.
Google Scholar cites: Citations
Link(s): Paper link
Added by Wikilit team: Added on initial load
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Researching wikipedia - current approaches and new directions is a publication by Phoebe Ayers.


[edit] Abstract

Wikipedia (<http://www.wikipedia.org >), an international, multi-lingual and collaboratively produced free online encyclopedia, has experienced massive growth since its inception in 2001. The site has become the world's single largest encyclopedia as well as one of the world's most diverse online communities. Because of these factors, the site provides a unique view into the processes of collaborative work and the factors that go into producing encyclopedic content. To date, there has been no unified review of the current research that is taking place on and about Wikipedia, and indeed there have been few formal studies of the site, despite its growing importance. This project is a review of social science and information science studies of the site, focusing on research methods and categorizing the areas of the site that have been studied so far. Studies of Wikipedia have focused primarily on the social dynamics of contributors (such as how disputes are resolved and why contributors participate), and the content of Wikipedia (such as whether it is an accurate source), but due to the unique collaborative processes on Wikipedia these two areas are deeply intertwined.

[edit] Research questions

"This paper is a review of social science and information science research studies done on and about Wikipedia. ...This paper also outlines research questions that have been raised to date and suggests future directions."

Research details

Topics: Literature review [edit item]
Domains: Information science, Library science [edit item]
Theory type: Analysis [edit item]
Wikipedia coverage: Main topic [edit item]
Theories: "N/A" [edit item]
Research design: Literature review [edit item]
Data source: Scholarly articles [edit item]
Collected data time dimension: N/A [edit item]
Unit of analysis: Scholarly article [edit item]
Wikipedia data extraction: N/A [edit item]
Wikipedia page type: N/A [edit item]
Wikipedia language: All languages [edit item]

[edit] Conclusion

"Research questions that have been addressed focus on two distinct areas, the content of the site and the Wikipedia community. However, due to Wikipedia's collaborative work processes, these areas are deeply entwined and affect each other in ways that may be unique to the site. This paper reviews and analyzes 18 recent studies focusing on Wikipedia in terms of their methods, the data source that they used, and their findings."

[edit] Comments

"First general literature review on Wikipedia research."

[edit] References

Altmann, U. (2005) Representation of Medical Informatics in the Wikipedia and its Perspectives Studies in Health Technology and Informatics 116: 755–760

Anthony, D., S. Smith., & T. Williamson. (2005) Explaining quality in Internet collective goods: Zealots and Good Samaritans in the case of Wikipedia http://web.mit.edu/iandeseminar/Papers/Fall2005/anthony.pdf

Ayers, P. (2005) Information behaviour of Wikipedia users Wikimania 2005, Frankfurt Germany http://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Transwiki:Wikimania05/Paper-PA1

Brändle, A. (2005) Too many cooks don&&num;8217;t spoil the broth Wikimania 2005, Frankfurt, Germany http://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Transwiki:Wikimania05/Paper-AB1

Bryant, S., A. Forte & A. Bruckman. (2005) Becoming Wikipedian: transformation of participation in a collaborative online encyclopedia Proceedings of GROUP International Conference on Supporting Group Work, 2005 pp 1.-10 http://www.cc.gatech.edu/∼aforte/134-Bryant.pdf

Emigh, W. & Herring, S. C. (2004) Collaborative Authoring on the Web: A Genre Analysis of Online Encyclopedias Proceedings of the 39th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences http://ella.slis.indiana.edu/∼herring/wiki.pdf

Giles, J. (2005) Internet encyclopaedias go head to head Nature http://www.nature.com/news/2005/051212/full/438900a.html

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Reagle, J. (2004) A Case of Mutual Aid: Wikipedia, Politeness and Perspective Taking http://reagle.org/joseph/2004/agree/wikip-agree.html

Schroer, J. & G. Hertel (2005) Unpublished study http://wy2x05.psychologie.uni-wuerzburg.de/ao/research/wikipedia.php?lang=en

Stvilia, B., Twidale, M. B., Smith, L. C. & Gasser, L. (2005a) Assessing information quality of a community-based encyclopedia Proceedings of the International Conference on Information Quality - ICIQ 2005. Cambridge, MA 442-454 http://mailer.fsu.edu/∼bstvilia/papers/quantWiki.pdf

Stvilia, B., Twidale, M. B., Gasser, L. & Smith, L. C. (2005b) Information quality discussions in Wikipedia Technical Report ISRN UIUCLIS–2005/2+CSCW http://mailer.fsu.edu/∼bstvilia/papers/qualWiki.pdf

Viégas, F. B., Wattenberg, M., & Dave, K. (2004) Studying cooperation and conflict between authors with history flow visualizations CHI 2004, Vienna, Austria

Völkel, M., M. Krötzsch, D. Vrandecic, H. Haller, & R. Studer. (2006) Semantic Wikipedia http://www 2006, May 23-26, Edinburgh, Scotland

Voss, J. (2005) Measuring Wikipedia Proceedings of the 10th International Conference of the International Society for Scientometrics and Informetrics http://eprints.rclis.org/archive/00003610/

Further notes[edit]