Difference between revisions of "Readers are not free-riders: reading as a form of participation on Wikipedia"

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Revision as of 17:29, November 15, 2013

Publication (help)
Readers are not free-riders: reading as a form of participation on Wikipedia
Authors: Judd David Antin, Coye Cheshire [edit item]
Citation: ACM conference on Computer supported cooperative work  : 127-130. 2010.
Publication type: Conference paper
Peer-reviewed: Yes
Database(s):
DOI: 10.1145/1718918.1718942.
Google Scholar cites: Citations
Link(s): Paper link
Added by Wikilit team: Yes
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Readers are not free-riders: reading as a form of participation on Wikipedia is a publication by Judd David Antin, Coye Cheshire.


[edit] Abstract

The success of Wikipedia as a large-scale collaborative effort has spurred researchers to examine the motivations and behaviors of Wikipedia's participants. However, this research has tended to focus on active involvement rather than more common forms of participation such as reading. In this paper we argue that Wikipedia's readers should not all be characterized as free-riders -- individuals who knowingly choose to take advantage of others' effort. Furthermore, we illustrate how readers provide a valuable service to Wikipedia. Finally, we use the notion of legitimate peripheral participation to argue that reading is a gateway activity through which newcomers learn about Wikipedia. We find support for our arguments in the results of a survey of Wikipedia usage and knowledge. Implications for future research and design are discussed.

[edit] Research questions

"In order to explore reading as a form of participation, we conducted a Wikipedia knowledge and participation survey. In addition to basic socio-demographic questions, we focused on measuring the prevalence of operational knowledge about Wikipedia and whether that knowledge was systematically related to other forms of participation."

Research details

Topics: Community building, Student contribution, Cross-domain student readership [edit item]
Domains: Computer science [edit item]
Theory type: Explanation [edit item]
Wikipedia coverage: Main topic [edit item]
Theories: "Undetermined" [edit item]
Research design: Statistical analysis [edit item]
Data source: [edit item]
Collected data time dimension: Cross-sectional [edit item]
Unit of analysis: User [edit item]
Wikipedia data extraction: N/A [edit item]
Wikipedia page type: N/A [edit item]
Wikipedia language: Not specified [edit item]

[edit] Conclusion

"we present three arguments on reading as a form of participation: (1) a characterization of all readers as free-riders is inappropriate since many readers have incomplete information about their options; (2) reading itself constitutes a form of contribution, and; (3) reading Wikipedia is a form of legitimate peripheral participation through which individuals gain entrée and can move towards more active participation."

[edit] Comments

[edit] References

  • Adler, B., Chatterjee, K., de Alfaro, L., Faella, M., Pye, I., and Raman, V. Assigning Trust to Wikipedia Content. Proc. WikiSym 2008. ACM, Porto, Portugal.
  • Alexa.com, "wikipedia.org -- Traffic Details," 2009. http://alexa.com/siteinfo/wikipedia.org.
  • Cheshire, C., Selective Incentives and Generalized Information Exchange. Social Psychology Quarterly, 2007. 70(1): 82--100.
  • Fernanda B. Viegas , Martin Wattenberg , Jesse Kriss , Frank van Ham, Talk Before You Type: Coordination in Wikipedia, Proceedings of the 40th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, p.78, January 03-06, 2007 [doi>10.1109/HICSS.2007.511]
  • Horrigan, J.B., A Typology of Information and Communication Technology Users. Pew Internet & American Life Project, 2007. Washington, DC.
  • Judd Antin, Motivated by information: information about online collective action as an incentive for participation, Proceedings of the ACM 2009 international conference on Supporting group work, May 10-13, 2009, Sanibel Island, Florida, USA [doi>10.1145/1531674.1531729]
  • Lakhani, K.R. and Wolf, R.G., "Why Hackers Do What They Do: Understanding Motivation and Effort in Free/Open Source Software Projects," in Perspectives on Free and Open Source Software, J. Feller, et al., Editors. 2005, MIT Press. Cambridge, Mass.
  • Lave, J. and Wenger, E., Situated Learning: Legitimate Peripheral Participation. 1991, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  • Palfrey, T.R. and Rosenthal, H., Private incentives in social dilemmas: The effects of incomplete information and altruism. Journal of Public Economics, 1988. 35(3): 309--332.
  • Preece, J., Nonnecke, B., and Andrews, D., The top five reasons for lurking: improving community experiences for everyone. Computers in Human Behavior, 2004. 20(2): 201--223.
  • Rafaeli, S. and Raban, D., Information sharing online: a research challenge. International Journal of Knowledge and Learning, 2005. 1(1/2): 62--79.
  • Reid Priedhorsky , Jilin Chen , Shyong Tony K. Lam , Katherine Panciera , Loren Terveen , John Riedl, Creating, destroying, and restoring value in wikipedia, Proceedings of the 2007 international ACM conference on Supporting group work, November 04-07, 2007, Sanibel Island, Florida, USA [doi>10.1145/1316624.1316663]
  • Sheizaf Rafaeli , Gilad Ravid , Vladimir Soroka, De-Lurking in Virtual Communities: A Social Communication Network Approach to Measuring the Effects of Social and Cultural Capital, Proceedings of the Proceedings of the 37th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS'04) - Track 7, p.70203, January 05-08, 2004
  • Susan L. Bryant , Andrea Forte , Amy Bruckman, Becoming Wikipedian: transformation of participation in a collaborative online encyclopedia, Proceedings of the 2005 international ACM SIGGROUP conference on Supporting group work, November 06-09, 2005, Sanibel Island, Florida, USA [doi>10.1145/1099203.1099205]
  • Swartz, A. Who Writes Wikipedia? 2006. http://www.aaronsw.com/weblog/whowriteswikipedia.
  • Travis Kriplean , Ivan Beschastnikh , David W. McDonald, Articulations of wikiwork: uncovering valued work in wikipedia through barnstars, Proceedings of the 2008 ACM conference on Computer supported cooperative work, November 08-12, 2008, San Diego, CA, USA [doi>10.1145/1460563.1460573]
  • Wikipedia, "Wikipedia Statistics," 2006. http://stats.wikimedia.org.
  • Yamagishi, T., "Social Dilemmas," in Sociological Perspectives on Social Psychology, K.S. Cook, G. Fine, and J. House, Editors. 1995, Allyn & Bacon. Boston. pp. 311--335.
  • Zhang, X. and Zhu, F., Group Size and Incentives to Contribute: A Natural Experiment at Chinese Wikipedia. SSRN eLibrary, 2009.

Further notes[edit]

Facts about "Readers are not free-riders: reading as a form of participation on Wikipedia"RDF feed
AbstractThe success of Wikipedia as a large-scale The success of Wikipedia as a large-scale collaborative effort has spurred researchers to examine the motivations and behaviors of Wikipedia's participants. However, this research has tended to focus on active involvement rather than more common forms of participation such as reading. In this paper we argue that Wikipedia's readers should not all be characterized as free-riders -- individuals who knowingly choose to take advantage of others' effort. Furthermore, we illustrate how readers provide a valuable service to Wikipedia. Finally, we use the notion of legitimate peripheral participation to argue that reading is a gateway activity through which newcomers learn about Wikipedia. We find support for our arguments in the results of a survey of Wikipedia usage and knowledge. Implications for future research and design are discussed. future research and design are discussed.
Added by wikilit teamYes +
Collected data time dimensionCross-sectional +
Conclusionwe present three arguments on reading as awe present three arguments on reading as a

form of participation: (1) a characterization of all readers as free-riders is inappropriate since many readers have incomplete information about their options; (2) reading itself constitutes a form of contribution, and; (3) reading Wikipedia is a form of legitimate peripheral participation through which individuals gain entrée and can move towards more active participation.an move towards more active

participation.
Doi10.1145/1718918.1718942 +
Google scholar urlhttp://scholar.google.com/scholar?ie=UTF-8&q=%22Readers%2Bare%2Bnot%2Bfree-riders%3A%2Breading%2Bas%2Ba%2Bform%2Bof%2Bparticipation%2Bon%2BWikipedia%22 +
Has authorJudd David Antin + and Coye Cheshire +
Has domainComputer science +
Has topicCommunity building +, Student contribution + and Cross-domain student readership +
Pages127-130 +
Peer reviewedYes +
Publication typeConference paper +
Published inACM conference on Computer supported cooperative work +
Research designStatistical analysis +
Research questionsIn order to explore reading as a form of pIn order to explore reading as a form of participation, we

conducted a Wikipedia knowledge and participation survey. In addition to basic socio-demographic questions, we focused on measuring the prevalence of operational knowledge about Wikipedia and whether that knowledge was systematically related to other forms of participation.y

related to other forms of participation.
Revid10,080 +
TheoriesUndetermined
Theory typeExplanation +
TitleReaders are not free-riders: reading as a form of participation on Wikipedia
Unit of analysisUser +
Urlhttp://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=1718942 +
Wikipedia coverageMain topic +
Wikipedia data extractionN/A +
Wikipedia languageNot specified +
Wikipedia page typeN/A +
Year2010 +