Property:Theories

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Various theoretical bases, frameworks and perspectives that the study draws upon or builds.



Pages using the property "Theories"

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Addressing gaps in knowledge while reading +Undetermined
Adhocratic governance in the Internet age: a case of Wikipedia +Mintzberg's (2007) adhocracy concept, which emphasizes that, in adhocratic organizations, strategies just “emerge” and are not consciously decided on.
An Aesthetic for Deliberating Online: Thinking Through “Universal Pragmatics” and “Dialogism” with Reference to Wikipedia +We employ Habermas's theory of “universal pragmatics” and Bakhtin's “dialogism” for analyses of contributions on Wikipedia for its entry on stem cells and transhumanism and show that the decision to embrace either unified or pluralistic forms of deliberation is an empirical matter to be judged in sociohistorical context, as opposed to what normative theories insist on.
An activity theoretic model for information quality change +Activity theory allowed us to develop a conceptual model for reasoning systematically about the general context of IQ in Wikipedia — a hierarchy of goal–oriented activities, roles, and the integration points of different sociocultural aspects of the activity system. This activity theoretic model then guided us in data selection by suggesting specific processes which might involve explicit evaluation and decision making on an article’s quality.
An analysis of Wikipedia +For our analysis, we invoke the solution concept of Nash (1950) equilibrium, since we model the contribution to Wikipedia as a noncooperative game. To analyze situations involving sequential moves, we also consider Stackelberg equilibria, which in concept are the natural applications of the Nash equilibrium solution to dynamic games.
An analysis of the delayed response to hurricane Katrina through the lens of knowledge management +The SECI model, one of the most widely-quoted knowledge creation models, describes the spiral conversion between tacit and explicit knowledge (Nonaka and Takeuchi, 1995). To achieve this objective, a KM framework situated in the context of disaster management is developed to study three distinct but overlapping KM processes, namely, knowledge creation, knowledge transfer and knowledge reuse.
An analysis of topical coverage of Wikipedia +Undetermined
An axiomatic approach for result diversification +Undetermined
An empirical examination of Wikipedia's credibility +Undetermined
An empirical study of the effects of NLP components on geographic IR performance +Undetermined
An evaluation of medical knowledge contained in Wikipedia and its use in the LOINC database +Undetermined
An exploration on on-line mass collaboration: focusing on its motivation structure +There has not been much academic interest on “cooperation.” In Sociological theory, cooperation has been indirectly defined through other ideas. While there always been oppression throughout history, why are revolutions so rare? Utilitarian theories, based on methodological individualism, regard cooperation as an 'exceptional event.' If someone tries to explain contemporary on– line cooperation with previous cooperation and collective action theory, he or she will face two major questions: 1) what environmental changes have made online cooperation easy? 2) Why do people participate? To further analyze individuals’ incentive, we adopted Benkler’s three dimensional framework—monetary rewards, intrinsic/hedonic rewards, and social-psychological rewards—and explored its meaning and validity.
An inside view: credibility in Wikipedia from the perspective of editors +In our analysis, we draw on theories from library and information science, communication studies, organization studies, and education. Socio-cultural theory Practices can be understood within a socio-cultural framework as iterative tool-based and goal-directed activities (cf. Scribner and Cole 1981: 267). That is, people act by using cultural tools, tools which influence how we think about and do things, such as for instance information practices.
Analyzing and visualizing the semantic coverage of Wikipedia and its authors +Undetermined
Analyzing the creative editing behavior of Wikipedia editors: through dynamic social network analysis +Undetermined
Applications of semantic web methodologies and techniques to social networks and social websites +A social network can be viewed as a graph where the nodes represent individuals and the edges represent relations. Methods from graph theory can be use to study these networks, and we will describe how social network analysis can consume semantic data from the food chain. It is often found that even though one route is followed to get in contact with a particular person, after talking to them there is another obvious connection that was not previously known about. This is part of the small-world network theory [28], which says that most nodes in a network exhibiting small-world characteristics (such as a social network) can be reached from every other node by a small number of hops or steps.
Are web-based informational queries changing? +Undetermined
Arguably the greatest: sport fans and communities at work on Wikipedia +Undetermined
Art history: a guide to basic research resources +Undetermined
Articulations of wikiwork: uncovering valued work in Wikipedia through barnstars +We develop a theoretical perspective on how C/I facilitates effective articulations of work by accounting for social dependencies, consider implications for the reflection of work, and discuss how our methodology may generalize.
Assessing the value of cooperation in Wikipedia +Undetermined
Assigning trust to Wikipedia content +Undetermined
Automatic vandalism detection in Wikipedia +Undetermined
Automatic word sense disambiguation based on document networks +Undetermined
Automatically refining the Wikipedia infobox ontology +Undetermined
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