Difference between revisions of "Hackers, cyborgs, and wikipedians: the political economy and cultural history of Wikipedia"

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|unit_of_analysis=Website
 
|unit_of_analysis=Website
 
|wikipedia_data_extraction=Live Wikipedia
 
|wikipedia_data_extraction=Live Wikipedia
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|wikipedia_page_type=Article, Collaboration and coordination
 
|wikipedia_language=English
 
|wikipedia_language=English
 
|conclusion="the cyborg individual ideal misunderstands Wikipedia's actual method of production. Most importantly, it overlooks the importance of how the boundaries drawn around communities and shared technological resources shape Wikipedia's content. I then proceed to begin the process of building what I believe is a better way of understanding Wikipedia, by tracing how communities and shared resources shape the production of recent Wikipedia articles."
 
|conclusion="the cyborg individual ideal misunderstands Wikipedia's actual method of production. Most importantly, it overlooks the importance of how the boundaries drawn around communities and shared technological resources shape Wikipedia's content. I then proceed to begin the process of building what I believe is a better way of understanding Wikipedia, by tracing how communities and shared resources shape the production of recent Wikipedia articles."
 
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Revision as of 23:22, March 15, 2013

Publication (help)
Hackers, cyborgs, and wikipedians: the political economy and cultural history of Wikipedia
Authors: Andrew A. Famiglietti [edit item]
Citation: Bowling Green State University  : . 2011.
Publication type: Thesis
Peer-reviewed: Yes
Database(s):
DOI: Define doi.
Google Scholar cites: Citations
Link(s): Paper link
Added by Wikilit team: Added on initial load
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Hackers, cyborgs, and wikipedians: the political economy and cultural history of Wikipedia is a publication by Andrew A. Famiglietti.


[edit] Abstract

This dissertation explores the political economy and cultural history of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. It demonstrates how Wikipedia, an influential and popular site of knowledge production and distribution, was influenced by its heritage from the hacker communities of the late twentieth century. More specifically, Wikipedia was shaped by an ideal I call, “the cyborg individual,” which held that the production of knowledge was best entrusted to a widely distributed network of individual human subjects and individually owned computers. I trace how this ideal emerged from hacker culture in response to anxieties hackers experienced due to their intimate relationships with machines. I go on to demonstrate how this ideal influenced how Wikipedia was understood both those involved in the early history of the site, and those writing about it. In particular, legal scholar Yochai Benkler seems to base his understanding of Wikipedia and its strengths on the cyborg individual ideal. Having established this, I then move on to show how the cyborg individual ideal misunderstands Wikipedia's actual method of production. Most importantly, it overlooks the importance of how the boundaries drawn around communities and shared technological resources shape Wikipedia's content. I then proceed to begin the process of building what I believe is a better way of understanding Wikipedia, by tracing how communities and shared resources shape the production of recent Wikipedia articles.

[edit] Research questions

"Existing studies, while providing important quantitative and qualitative background information about Wikipedia, fail to address the important questions about the peer production method raised by the cultural studies authors reviewed above. In this study, I hope to take seriously both the call that arises from cultural studies to take power as more than a simple binary, while simultaneously taking seriously the specific history and practices of Wikipedia itself. Each of the chapters in this dissertation has a distinct roll to play in this larger project."

Research details

Topics: Legal infrastructure, Culture and values of Wikipedia, Policies and governance [edit item]
Domains: Economics, Sociology [edit item]
Theory type: Explanation [edit item]
Wikipedia coverage: Main topic [edit item]
Theories: "In this

chapter I will present the specific theoretical frame and methods I will employ in my study of Wikipedia. Two authors are key to my theoretical frame. Bruno Latour's Actor-Network sociology broadly informs my understanding of Wikipedia. In particular, I draw from Latour's understanding of agency, his model of social relationships, and his understanding of what it means to say that facts are “constructed.” In addition, my methods attempt to follow Latour's admonishment to ”follow the actors” involved in a given social assemblage if one wishes to understand that assemblage. In many ways, my broad borrowing from Latour is the glue that holds the somewhat disparate parts of this dissertation together. The second author I discuss below, N. Katherine Hayles, provides a more direct scaffolding for my work. Hayles' related concepts of “body” and “embodiment” can be usefully expanded to form a concrete basis for examining how the various human and non-human actors (to use Latour's terms) that make up Wikipedia interact." [edit item]

Research design: Historical analysis [edit item]
Data source: [edit item]
Collected data time dimension: Longitudinal [edit item]
Unit of analysis: Website [edit item]
Wikipedia data extraction: Live Wikipedia [edit item]
Wikipedia page type: Article, Collaboration and coordination [edit item]
Wikipedia language: English [edit item]

[edit] Conclusion

""the cyborg individual ideal misunderstands Wikipedia's actual method of production. Most importantly, it overlooks the importance of how the boundaries drawn around communities and shared technological resources shape Wikipedia's content. I then proceed to begin the process of building what I believe is a better way of understanding Wikipedia, by tracing how communities and shared resources shape the production of recent Wikipedia articles.""

[edit] Comments


Further notes[edit]

Facts about "Hackers, cyborgs, and wikipedians: the political economy and cultural history of Wikipedia"RDF feed
AbstractThis dissertation explores the political eThis dissertation explores the political economy and cultural history of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. It demonstrates how Wikipedia, an influential and popular site of knowledge production and distribution, was influenced by its heritage from the hacker communities of the late twentieth century. More specifically, Wikipedia was shaped by an ideal I call, “the cyborg individual,” which held that the production of knowledge was best entrusted to a widely distributed network of individual human subjects and individually owned computers. I trace how this ideal emerged from hacker culture in response to anxieties hackers experienced due to their intimate relationships with machines. I go on to demonstrate how this ideal influenced how Wikipedia was understood both those involved in the early history of the site, and those writing about it. In particular, legal scholar Yochai Benkler seems to base his understanding of Wikipedia and its strengths on the cyborg individual ideal. Having established this, I then move on to show how the cyborg individual ideal misunderstands Wikipedia's actual method of production. Most importantly, it overlooks the importance of how the boundaries drawn around communities and shared technological resources shape Wikipedia's content. I then proceed to begin the process of building what I believe is a better way of understanding Wikipedia, by tracing how communities and shared resources shape the production of recent Wikipedia articles.e production of recent Wikipedia articles.
Added by wikilit teamAdded on initial load +
Collected data time dimensionLongitudinal +
Conclusion"the cyborg individual ideal misunderstand"the cyborg individual ideal misunderstands Wikipedia's actual method of production. Most importantly, it overlooks the importance of how the boundaries drawn around communities and shared technological resources shape Wikipedia's content. I then proceed to begin the process of building what I believe is a better way of understanding Wikipedia, by tracing how communities and shared resources shape the production of recent Wikipedia articles." production of recent Wikipedia articles."
Google scholar urlhttp://scholar.google.com/scholar?ie=UTF-8&q=%22Hackers%2C%2Bcyborgs%2C%2Band%2Bwikipedians%3A%2Bthe%2Bpolitical%2Beconomy%2Band%2Bcultural%2Bhistory%2Bof%2BWikipedia%22 +
Has authorAndrew A. Famiglietti +
Has domainEconomics + and Sociology +
Has topicLegal infrastructure +, Culture and values of Wikipedia + and Policies and governance +
Peer reviewedYes +
Publication typeThesis +
Published inBowling Green State University +
Research designHistorical analysis +
Research questionsExisting studies, while providing importanExisting studies, while providing important quantitative and qualitative background information about Wikipedia, fail to address the important questions about the peer production method raised by the cultural studies authors reviewed above. In this study, I hope to take seriously both the call that arises from cultural studies to take power as more than a simple binary, while simultaneously taking seriously the specific history and practices of Wikipedia itself. Each of the chapters in this dissertation has a distinct roll to play in this larger project.tinct roll to play in this larger project.
Revid8,923 +
TheoriesIn this

chapter I will present the specifIn this chapter I will present the specific theoretical frame and methods I will employ in my study of Wikipedia. Two authors are key to my theoretical frame. Bruno Latour's Actor-Network sociology broadly informs my understanding of Wikipedia. In particular, I draw from Latour's understanding of agency, his model of social relationships, and his understanding of what it means to say that facts are “constructed.” In addition, my methods attempt to follow Latour's admonishment to ”follow the actors” involved in a given social assemblage if one wishes to understand that assemblage. In many ways, my broad borrowing from Latour is the glue that holds the somewhat disparate parts of this dissertation together. The second author I discuss below, N. Katherine Hayles, provides a more direct scaffolding for my work. Hayles' related concepts of “body” and “embodiment” can be usefully expanded to form a concrete basis for examining how the various human and non-human actors (to use Latour's terms) that make up Wikipedia interact.s terms) that make up

Wikipedia interact.
Theory typeExplanation +
TitleHackers, cyborgs, and wikipedians: the political economy and cultural history of Wikipedia
Unit of analysisWebsite +
Urlhttp://etd.ohiolink.edu/view.cgi?acc_num=bgsu1300717552 +
Wikipedia coverageMain topic +
Wikipedia data extractionLive Wikipedia +
Wikipedia languageEnglish +
Wikipedia page typeArticle + and Collaboration and coordination +
Year2011 +