Essjay's ethos: rethinking textual origins and intellectual property

From WikiLit
Revision as of 20:26, January 30, 2014 by Fnielsen (Talk | contribs) (Text replace - "|collected_datatype=" to "|data_source=")

(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
Jump to: navigation, search
Publication (help)
Essjay's ethos: rethinking textual origins and intellectual property
Authors: James J. Brown [edit item]
Citation: College Composition and Communication 61 : . 2009.
Publication type: Journal article
Peer-reviewed: Yes
Database(s):
DOI: Define doi.
Google Scholar cites: Citations
Link(s):
Added by Wikilit team: Added on initial load
Search
Article: Google Scholar BASE PubMed
Other scholarly wikis: AcaWiki Brede Wiki WikiPapers
Web search: Bing Google Yahoo!Google PDF
Other:
Services
Format: BibTeX
Essjay's ethos: rethinking textual origins and intellectual property is a publication by James J. Brown.


[edit] Abstract

Discussions of intellectual property are often the focus of rhetoric and composition research, and the question of textual origins grounds these discussions. Through an examination of Wikipedia, the online encyclopedia anyone can edit, this essay addresses disciplinary concerns about textual origins and intellectual property through a discussion of situated and constructed ethos.

[edit] Research questions

"Howard’s approach provides a starting point for my analysis as I attempt to drill down from a discussion of intellectual property to the issue of textual origins. I do this to address the question that grounds composition’s discussions about intellectual property. While a new media environment that allows texts to be easily combined and/ or redistributed has not created this question of determining textual origins, it has provided a continual reminder of the impossibility of cleanly linking a text with its origin."

Research details

Topics: Ethics, Contributor perceptions of credibility [edit item]
Domains: Philosophy and ethics, Law [edit item]
Theory type: Analysis [edit item]
Wikipedia coverage: Main topic [edit item]
Theories: "While Searle seeks a speech-act

theory that rigorously delineates context and tends to focus on the intentions of the speaker/writer, Derrida questions the stability of author, audience, text, and context. And this is what leads him to question Searle’s assertion of copyright. For Derrida, Searle’s handwritten copyright mark implicitly grants that the origin of a sign is always up for grabs. Searle’s copyright mark (or, we might argue, any claim to copyright) is a rearguard reaction to such citationality. Derrida’s theory of citationality allows us to rethink how we link a text with an origin. Attaching a name or identity to any utterance (written or spoken) is only a provisional, after-the-fact gesture that attempts to manage the complexities of linguistic origins." [edit item]

Research design: Case study [edit item]
Data source: Wikipedia pages [edit item]
Collected data time dimension: Longitudinal [edit item]
Unit of analysis: User [edit item]
Wikipedia data extraction: Live Wikipedia [edit item]
Wikipedia page type: User:talk, Policy, Discussion and Q&A [edit item]
Wikipedia language: Not specified [edit item]

[edit] Conclusion

"Wikipedia opens the door for editors like Essjay who claim to be something they are not. Requiring experts to provide RL identities is one way of addressing this problem, but Wikipedia offers a different solution by grounding knowledge in the ever-shifting terrain of citation rather than in the expert Wikipedian. Far from being a mere “online” phenomenon, Wikipedia gestures toward an emerging rhetoric that offers us ways to rethink the intersections of ethos, identity, intellectual property, and textual origins. Discussions about Essjay often come back to ethics: Is it not wrong to claim something that you are not? Further, is the ability for Wikipedians to remain anonymous an ethical policy? However, we might turn these questions around: What are the ethics of claiming to be the origin of a text? And how ethical is it to point to credentials as a way of stopping discussion? It is crucial for rhetoricians to study online spaces and consider these ethical and rhetorical questions. The insights we gather from spaces like Wikipedia can offer some clues as to how the field of rhetoric and composition might refine its theories and practices."

[edit] Comments


Further notes[edit]

Facts about "Essjay's ethos: rethinking textual origins and intellectual property"RDF feed
AbstractDiscussions of intellectual property are oDiscussions of intellectual property are often the focus of rhetoric and composition research, and the question of textual origins grounds these discussions. Through an examination of Wikipedia, the online encyclopedia anyone can edit, this essay addresses disciplinary concerns about textual origins and intellectual property through a discussion of situated and constructed ethos.cussion of situated and constructed ethos.
Added by wikilit teamAdded on initial load +
Collected data time dimensionLongitudinal +
ConclusionWikipedia opens the door for editors like Wikipedia opens the door for editors like Essjay who claim to be something

they are not. Requiring experts to provide RL identities is one way of addressing this problem, but Wikipedia offers a different solution by grounding knowledge in the ever-shifting terrain of citation rather than in the expert Wikipedian. Far from being a mere “online” phenomenon, Wikipedia gestures toward an emerging rhetoric that offers us ways to rethink the intersections of ethos, identity, intellectual property, and textual origins. Discussions about Essjay often come back to ethics: Is it not wrong to claim something that you are not? Further, is the ability for Wikipedians to remain anonymous an ethical policy? However, we might turn these questions around: What are the ethics of claiming to be the origin of a text? And how ethical is it to point to credentials as a way of stopping discussion? It is crucial for rhetoricians to study online spaces and consider these ethical and rhetorical questions. The insights we gather from spaces like Wikipedia can offer some clues as to how the field of rhetoric and

composition might refine its theories and practices.
n might refine its theories and practices.
Data sourceWikipedia pages +
Google scholar urlhttp://scholar.google.com/scholar?ie=UTF-8&q=%22Essjay%27s%2Bethos%3A%2Brethinking%2Btextual%2Borigins%2Band%2Bintellectual%2Bproperty%22 +
Has authorJames J. Brown +
Has domainPhilosophy and ethics + and Law +
Has topicEthics + and Contributor perceptions of credibility +
Peer reviewedYes +
Publication typeJournal article +
Published inCollege Composition and Communication +
Research designCase study +
Research questionsHoward’s approach provides

a starting poinHoward’s approach provides a starting point for my analysis as I attempt to drill down from a discussion of intellectual property to the issue of textual origins. I do this to address the question that grounds composition’s discussions about intellectual property. While a new media environment that allows texts to be easily combined and/ or redistributed has not created this question of determining textual origins, it has provided a continual reminder of the impossibility of cleanly linking a text with its origin.of cleanly linking a

text with its origin.
Revid10,751 +
TheoriesWhile Searle seeks a speech-act

theory thaWhile Searle seeks a speech-act theory that rigorously delineates context and tends to focus on the intentions of the speaker/writer, Derrida questions the stability of author, audience, text, and context. And this is what leads him to question Searle’s assertion of copyright. For Derrida, Searle’s handwritten copyright mark implicitly grants that the origin of a sign is always up for grabs. Searle’s copyright mark (or, we might argue, any claim to copyright) is a rearguard reaction to such citationality. Derrida’s theory of citationality allows us to rethink how we link a text with an origin. Attaching a name or identity to any utterance (written or spoken) is only a provisional, after-the-fact gesture that attempts to manage the complexities of linguistic origins.ge the

complexities of linguistic origins.
Theory typeAnalysis +
TitleEssjay's ethos: rethinking textual origins and intellectual property
Unit of analysisUser +
Volume61 +
Wikipedia coverageMain topic +
Wikipedia data extractionLive Wikipedia +
Wikipedia languageNot specified +
Wikipedia page typeUser:talk +, Policy + and Discussion and Q&A +
Year2009 +