Credibility judgment and verification behavior of college students concerning Wikipedia
|Credibility judgment and verification behavior of college students concerning Wikipedia.|
|Authors:||Sook Lim, Christine Simon|
|Citation:||First Monday 16 (4): . 2011 April.|
|Publication type:||Journal article|
|Google Scholar cites:||Citations|
|Added by Wikilit team:||No but verified|
|Article:||Google Scholar BASE PubMed|
|Other scholarly wikis:||AcaWiki Brede Wiki WikiPapers|
|Web search:||Bing Google Yahoo! — Google PDF|
This study examines credibility judgments in relation to peripheral cues and genre of Wikipedia articles, and attempts to understand user information verification behavior based on the theory of bounded rationality. Data were collected employing both an experiment and a survey at a large public university in the midwestern United States in Spring 2010. This study shows some interesting patterns. It appears that the effect of peripheral cues on credibility judgments differed according to genre. Those who did not verify information displayed a higher level of satisficing than those who did. Students used a variety of peripheral cues of Wikipedia. The exploratory data show that peer endorsement may be more important than formal authorities for user generated information sources, such as Wikipedia, which calls for further research.
"The major research questions of this study are presented below.
RQ1. What peripheral cues do students use in their credibility judgments of Wikipedia? RQ2. Do peripheral cues influence credibility judgments of Wikipedia? RQ3. Does genre influence credibility judgments of Wikipedia? RQ4. Do the effects of peripheral cues on credibility judgments differ according to genre? RQ5. Do students verify information? If they do not, why not?"
|Topics:||Reader perceptions of credibility, Cross-domain student readership|
|Domains:||Information science, Communications, Education, Library science, Psychology|
|Wikipedia coverage:||Main topic|
|Theories:||"This study examines credibility judgments in relation to peripheral cues and genre of Wikipedia articles, and attempts to understand user information verification behavior based on the theory of bounded rationality."|
|Data source:||Experiment responses, Survey responses, Wikipedia pages|
|Collected data time dimension:||Cross-sectional|
|Unit of analysis:||Article, User|
|Wikipedia data extraction:||Live Wikipedia|
|Wikipedia page type:||Article|
"The major findings of this study include the following: peripheral cues were not related to credibility judgments across genres, although peripheral cues affected credibility judgments within the health genre. Genre was not related to credibility judgment. It appears that the effect of peripheral cues mattered more for the health genre than the entertainment genre. However, the effect was not statistically significant, suggesting further research. With respect to verification behavior, despite a higher percentage of self–reports than the experiment, the difference was not statistically significant. Finally, non–verification group displayed a higher level of satisficing than the verification group. The higher the respondents displayed a level of satisficing regarding Wikipedia compared to that of aspiration, the less the respondents verified information, despite its insignificant statistical result. These patterns may indicate the possibility of an explanation of non–verification behavior in the framework of the theory of bounded rationality, which suggests further research."
Alison J. Head and Michael B. Eisenberg, 2010. “How today’s college students use Wikipedia for course–related research,” First Monday, volume 15, number 3, at http://firstmonday.org/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/2830/2476.
Sook Lim, 2009. “How and why do college students use Wikipedia?” Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, volume 60, number 9, pp. 2,189–2,202.